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Laparoscopic Bile Duct Exploration

  • Leslie Nathanson
Chapter

Abstract

The majority of bile duct stones are secondary bile duct stones (Chap.  3) that arise in the gallbladder and migrate down the cystic duct. Depending on geographic variation in this incidence of secondary duct stones, trans-cystic exploration successfully clears the bile duct (CBD) in 60–70% of patients; the remainder can be removed by choledochotomy or post-operative endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP).

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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Wesley HospitalBrisbaneAustralia

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