Advertisement

Rare Problems: Mirizzi Syndrome, Fistula and Gallstone Ileus

  • Matías Czerwonko
  • Martin de Santibañes
  • Eduardo de Santibañes
Chapter

Abstract

Chronic complications of gallstone disease are rare problems with an incidence less than 1%. Fistulation between the gallbladder and the extrahepatic bile ducts (Mirizzi syndrome) and cholecysto-enteric fistula occur as the result of an advanced stage of chronic inflammation process.

References

  1. 1.
    McSherry CK, Ferstenberg HVM. The Mirizzi syndrome: suggested classification and surgical therapy. Surg Gastroenterol. 1982;1:219–25.Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Csendes A, Diaz JC, Burdiles P, Maluenda F, Nava O. Mirizzi syndrome and cholecystobiliary fistula: a unifying classification. Br J Surg. 1989;76(11):1139–43.  https://doi.org/10.1002/bjs.1800761110.CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Al-Akeely MHA, Alam MK, Bismar HA, Khalid K, Al-Teimi I, Al-Dossary NF. Mirizzi syndrome: ten years experience from a teaching hospital in Riyadh. World J Surg. 2005;29(12):1687–92.  https://doi.org/10.1007/s00268-005-0100-3.CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Greiasov VI, Perfil’ev VV, Shchepkin SP, Petrichenko AV, Sivokon’ NI, Chuguevskiĭ VM. Diagnostics and surgical tactics for Mirizzi syndrome. Khirurgiia (Sofiia). 2008;11:31–4. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/19301493. Accessed 11 March 2016Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Safioleas M, Stamatakos M, Safioleas P, Smyrnis A, Revenas C, Safioleas C. Mirizzi Syndrome: an unexpected problem of cholelithiasis. Our experience with 27 cases. Int Semin Surg Oncol. 2008;5(1):12.  https://doi.org/10.1186/1477-7800-5-12.CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Kumar A, Senthil G, Prakash A, et al. Mirizzi’s syndrome: lessons learnt from 169 patients at a single center. Korean J Hepato-biliary-pancreatic Surg. 2016;20(1):17–22.  10.14701/kjhbps.2016.20.1.17.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Csendes A, Muñoz CAM. Sindrome de Mirizzi—fistula colecistobiliar, una nueva clasificacion. Rev Chil Cir. 2007;59:63–4.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Gibor U, Perry ZH, Netz U, Yair Glazer LL, Kirshtein B. CA 19-9 in the presence of obstructive jaundice due to Mirizzi syndrome. Isr Med Assoc J. 2015;17(1):60–1.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Luu MB, Deziel DJ. Unusual complications of gallstones. Surg Clin North Am. 2014;94(2):377–94.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.suc.2014.01.002.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    Redaelli CA, Büchler MW, Schilling MK, Krähenbühl LR, Ruchti C, Blumgart LH, Baer HU. High coincidence of Mirizzi syndrome and gallbladder carcinoma. Surgery. 1997;121(23):58–63.CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Kamalesh N, Prakash K, Pramil K, George T, Sylesh A, Shaji P. Laparoscopic approach is safe and effective in the management of Mirizzi syndrome. J Minim Access Surg. 2015;11(4):246.  https://doi.org/10.4103/0972-9941.140216.CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    Lai ECH, Lau WY. Mirizzi syndrome: history, present and future development. ANZ J Surg. 2006;76(4):251–7.  https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1445-2197.2006.03690.x.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    Abou-Saif A, Al-Kawas FH. Complications of gallstone disease: mirizzi syndrome, cholecystocholedochal fistula, and gallstone ileus. Am J Gastroenterol. 2002;97(2):249–54.  https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1572-0241.2002.05451.x.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    Beltrán M. Mirizzi syndrome: history, current knowledge and proposal of a simplified classification. World J Gastroenterol. 2012;18(34):4639–50.CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    Choi BW, Kim MJ, Chung JJ, Chung JB, Yoo HS, Lee JT. Radiologic findings of Mirizzi syndrome with emphasis on MRI. Yonsei Med J. 2000;41(1):144–6.  https://doi.org/10.3349/ymj.2000.41.1.144.CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    Aydin U, Yazici P, Ozsan I, et al. Surgical management of Mirizzi syndrome. Turk J Gastroenterol. 2008;19(4):258–63. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/19119478. Accessed 7 March 2016PubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    Mithani R, Schwesinger WH, Bingener J, Sirinek KR, Gross GWW. The Mirizzi syndrome: multidisciplinary management promotes optimal outcomes. J Gastrointest Surg. 2008;12(6):1022–8.  https://doi.org/10.1007/s11605-007-0305-x.CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  18. 18.
    Le Roux F, Sabbagh C, Robert B, et al. Multidisciplinary management of Mirizzi syndrome with cholecystobiliary fistula: the value of minimally invasive endoscopic surgery. Hepatobiliary Pancreat Dis Int. 2015;14(5):543–7.  https://doi.org/10.1016/S1499-3872(15)60380-0.CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  19. 19.
    Li B, Li X, Zhou WC, He MY, Meng WB, Zhang L, Li YM. Effect of endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography combined with laparoscopy and choledochoscopy on the treatment of Mirizzi syndrome. Chin Med J. 2013;126(126):3515–8.PubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  20. 20.
    Corlette MB, Bismuth H. Biliobiliary fistula. A trap in the surgery of cholelithiasis. Arch Surg. 1975;110(4):377–83. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/1147754. Accessed 6 March 2016CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  21. 21.
    Waisberg J, Corona A, de Abreu IW, Farah JF, Lupinacci RA, Goffi FS. Benign obstruction of the common hepatic duct (Mirizzi syndrome): diagnosis and operative management. Arq Gastroenterol. 2005;42(1):13–8. doi:/S0004-28032005000100005CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  22. 22.
    Antoniou SA, Antoniou GA, Makridis C. Laparoscopic treatment of Mirizzi syndrome: a systematic review. Surg Endosc. 2010;24(1):33–9.  https://doi.org/10.1007/s00464-009-0520-5.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  23. 23.
    Chawla A, Bosco J, Lim T, Srinivasan S, Teh H, Shenoy J. Imaging of acute cholecystitis and cholecystitis-associated complications in the emergency setting. Singapore Med J. 2015;56(8):438–44.  10.11622/smedj.2015120.CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  24. 24.
    Wang WK, Yeh CN, Jan YY. Successful laparoscopic management for cholecystoenteric fistula. World J Gastroenterol. 2006;12(5):772–5.CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  25. 25.
    Dash N. Successful laparoscopic management of four cases of cholecystoduodenal fistula. Med J Armed Forces India. 2012;68(1):88–9.  https://doi.org/10.1016/S0377-1237(11)60132-9.CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  26. 26.
    Latic A, Latic F, Delibegovic M, Samardzic J, Kraljik D, Delibegovic S. Succcessful laparoscopic treatment of cholecystoduodenal fistula. Med Arh. 2010;64(6):379–80. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/21218763. Accessed 12 March 2016PubMedGoogle Scholar
  27. 27.
    Goldberg RI, Phillips RS, Barkin JS. Spontaneous cholecystocolonic fistula treated by endoscopic sphincterotomy. Gastrointest Endosc. 1988;34(1):55–6. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/3350305. Accessed 13 March 2016CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  28. 28.
    Clavien PA, Richon J, Burgan S, Rohner A. Gallstone ileus. Br J Surg. 1990;77(7):737–42. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/2200556. Accessed 18 Sep 2015CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  29. 29.
    Clavien PA, Richon J, Burgan S, Rohner A. Gallstone ileus. Br J Surg. 1990;77(7):437–42.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. 30.
    Fitzgerald JEF, Fitzgerald LA, Maxwell-Armstrong CA, Brooks AJ. Recurrent gallstone ileus: time to change our surgery? J Dig Dis. 2009;10(2):149–51.  https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1751-2980.2009.00378.x.CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  31. 31.
    Rodriguez-Sanjuán JC, Casado F, Fernández MJ, Morales DJ, Naranjo A. Cholecystectomy and fistula closureversus enterolithotomy alone in gallstone ileus. Br J Surg. 1997;84(5):634–7.  https://doi.org/10.1002/bjs.1800840514.CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  32. 32.
    Reisner RM, Cohen JR. Gallstone ileus: a review of 1001 reported cases. Am Surg. 1994;60(6):441–6. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/8198337. Accessed 18 Sep 2015PubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  33. 33.
    Mir SA, Hussain Z, Davey CA, Miller GV, Chintapatla S. Management and outcome of recurrent gallstone ileus: a systematic review. World J Gastrointest Surg. 2015;7(8):152–9.  https://doi.org/10.4240/wjgs.v7.i8.152.CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  34. 34.
    Pronio A, Piroli S, Caporilli D, et al. Recurrent gallstone ileus: case report and literature review. G Chir. 2013;34(1–2):35–7. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/23463931. Accessed 13 March 2016PubMedGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Matías Czerwonko
    • 1
  • Martin de Santibañes
    • 2
  • Eduardo de Santibañes
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of General SurgeryHospital Italiano de Buenos Aires, ArgentinaBuenos AiresArgentina
  2. 2.Department of General Surgery, Section Hepato-bilio-pancreato and Liver Transplant UnitHospital Italiano de Buenos Aires, ArgentinaBuenos AiresArgentina

Personalised recommendations