Non-farm Sector Growth and Female Empowerment in Bangladesh

  • Minhaj Mahmud
  • Keijiro Otsuka
  • Yasuyuki Sawada
  • Mari Tanaka
  • Tomomi Tanaka


In this chapter, using a nationally representative panel data set covering the years 1988 to 2008, we investigate the role of non-farm sector growth in facilitating female labor force participation and educational attainment. Our results indicate that the proportion of village non-farm labor force participation is positively associated with female school enrollment as well as other indicators of women empowerment such as marriage and fertility. Looking at the broader set of non-farm occupations from household data, we find that an additional year of education is associated with a 0.17 unit increase in the labor force participation in the non-farm sector and with a 7.5% reduction in the number of childbirths.


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Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Minhaj Mahmud
    • 1
  • Keijiro Otsuka
    • 2
  • Yasuyuki Sawada
    • 3
  • Mari Tanaka
    • 4
  • Tomomi Tanaka
    • 5
  1. 1.Bangladesh Institute of Development StudiesDhakaBangladesh
  2. 2.Kobe UniversityKobeJapan
  3. 3.University of TokyoTokyoJapan
  4. 4.Hitotsubashi UniversityTokyoJapan
  5. 5.National Graduate Institute for Policy StudiesTokyoJapan

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