Advertisement

We the People or We the Republic? The Need for Republican Populism

  • Óscar García Agustín
Chapter

Abstract

The government of José Luis Rodríguez Zapatero carried out remarkable political reforms inspired by republicanism. However, the progress in civil rights was not followed by an alternative political economic model since republicanism, in its social democratic form, did not attempt to challenge the neoliberal model. From its emergence, Podemos adopts a populist approach by mainly emphasizing the conflict between the people and the elite. When the party became part of the institutions, a political contradiction arose: If the vindication of the people as political subjects responds to the unsatisfactory functioning of institutions, how can institutions be transformed from within, and what role should the people play in this framework? This question is even more relevant since Podemos emphasizes the crisis of the institutional realm and the need to redo it.

The chapter addresses the relationship between two traditionally opposed political theories and their application in the Spanish context: populism and republicanism. The initial populist approach soon entered into dialogue with republicanism, as reflected in the republican critique of populism made by José Luis Villacañas in his work Populism and by Carlos Fernández Liria in In Defence of Populism. I propose that rather than abandoning populism in the name of republicanism, some principles for a republican populism can be extracted from Podemos’ political praxis: non-domination as a conflictual principle, controlling power (institutional and street arenas), common-wealth patriotism, and trimodal party organization.

References

  1. Agustin, G. O. (2006) El socialismo cívico de Zapatero y el republicanismo. Sociedad y discurso, 9.Google Scholar
  2. Carreño, S. (2017, May 21). Motivos para echarlos. La Rioja.Google Scholar
  3. Cordero Fuentes, J. A. (2008). Socialdemocracia republicana: hacia una formulación cívica del socialismo. Barcelona: Montesinos.Google Scholar
  4. Errejón, I. (2015). We the people el 15-M: ¿un populismo indignado? ACME, 14(1), 124–156.Google Scholar
  5. Fraser, N. (2013). A triple movement? Parsing the politics of crisis after Polanyi. New Left Review, 81, 119–132.Google Scholar
  6. Gallego-Díaz, S. (2001, July 22). Entrevista a José Luis Rodríguez Zapatero: La socialdemocracia debe abrirse a propuestas de la izquierda plural. El País.Google Scholar
  7. García Abad, J. (2001) Derecha e izquierda en el patriotismo constitucional. El Siglo, 487.Google Scholar
  8. Iglesias, P. (2016, October 12). #MiPatriaEsLaGente. You Tube. https://www.youtube.com/watch?time_continue=121&v=Le0W1OEhDT0. Accessed 1 May 2017.
  9. Lessig, L. (2011). Republic, lost: How money corrupts congress—And a plan to stop it. New York: Hachette Book Group.Google Scholar
  10. Liria, F. C. (2016). En defensa del populismo. Madrid: Los Libros de la Catarata.Google Scholar
  11. Mathieson, D. (2004). Blair’s doppelganger: Zapatero and the new Spanish left. London: Foreign Policy Centre.Google Scholar
  12. Molpeceres, D. (2016, March 6). Villacañas: “Iglesias debe cambiar si no quiere ser un populista jacobino.” Voz Pópuli. http://www.vozpopuli.com/actualidad/nacional/Populismos-Pablo_Iglesias-UCM-jose_luis_villacanas-populismo-neoliberalismo-ucm-complutense_0_893610635.html. Accessed 1 May 2017.
  13. Morada (2016a, May 10). Presentación del libro de José Luis Villacañas ‘Populismo’. You Tube. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=zVVRKfNaOSo. Accessed 1 May 2017.
  14. Morada (2016b, March 15). De la hipótesis Podemos al ciclo post 20D. You Tube. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=MCSitn9f9f8. Accessed 1 May 2017.
  15. Mouffe, C. (2000). Deliberative democracy or agonistic pluralism. Reihe Politikwissenschaft/Political Science Series, 72.Google Scholar
  16. Navarro, V. (1999). Is there a third way? A response to Giddens’s the third way. International Journal of Health Services, 29(4), 667–677.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Ovejero, F., Martí, J. L., & Gargarella, R. (2004). La alternativa republicana. In F. Ovejero et al. (Eds.), Nuevas ideas republicanas.Autogobierno y libertad (pp. 11–73). Barcelona: Paidós.Google Scholar
  18. Pavon, H. (2015, August 28). Entrevista con Maurizio Viroli. Maquiavelo y el patriotismo republicano. Clarín. https://www.clarin.com/rn/ideas/Maquiavelo-patriotismo-republicano_0_H1u44NFwQe.html. Accessed 1 May 2017.
  19. Pettit, P. (1997). Republicanism. A theory of freedom and government. Oxford: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
  20. Pettit, P. (2008). Examen a Zapatero. Balance del gobierno socialista. Madrid: Ediciones Temas de Hoy.Google Scholar
  21. Pettit, P. (2011). Republic reflections on the 15-M movement. Books and Ideas.net. http://www.booksandideas.net/Republican-Reflections-on-the-15-M.html. Accessed 1 May 2017.
  22. Redacción. (2016, January 17). Íñigo Errejón: “Defender la patria es defender a la gente corriente.” Press Digital. http://www.pressdigital.es/texto-diario/mostrar/396010/inigo-errejon-defender-patria-defender-gente-corriente. Accessed 1 May 2017.
  23. Sagos, N. S. (2014). Democracy, emergency, and arbitrary coercion: A liberal republican view. Leiden: Brill.Google Scholar
  24. Sevilla, J. (2002). De nuevo socialismo. Barcelona: Crítica.Google Scholar
  25. Villacañas, J. L. (2014, June 24). Épocas calientes. Levante. http://www.levante-emv.com/opinion/2014/06/24/epocas-calientes/1129137.html. Accessed 1 May 2017.
  26. Villacañas, J. L. (2015). Populismo. Madrid: La Huerta Grande Editorial.Google Scholar
  27. Viroli, M. (2001). El sentido olvidado del patriotismo republicano. Isegoría, 24, 5–14.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Óscar García Agustín
    • 1
  1. 1.Aalborg UniversityAalborgDenmark

Personalised recommendations