Vitiligo pp 429-435 | Cite as

Photoprotection Issues

  • Alessia Pacifico
  • Giovanni LeoneEmail author
  • Mauro Picardo


A number of mechanisms have been developed during evolution to protect human skin from excessive UV radiation. To classify the susceptibility of human subjects to develop erythema following UV exposure, Fitzpatrick’s system differentiates six sun-reactive skin phototypes (SPT) [1] (Table 41.1). In this system, the capacity to tan is equally important to help to categorize individuals of any colour or ethnic background. Using this method, the physician can estimate the relative risk of developing acute and chronic changes related to UV exposure. A study by Carrettero-Mangolis and Lim confirms that there is a correlation between minimal erythema dose (MED) and SPT, i.e. the higher the SPT, the higher the MED [2].


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Alessia Pacifico
    • 1
  • Giovanni Leone
    • 1
    Email author
  • Mauro Picardo
    • 2
  1. 1.Phototherapy UnitSan Gallicano Dermatological Institute, IFORomeItaly
  2. 2.Cutaneous Physiopathology and CIRMSan Gallicano Dermatological Institute, IRCCSRomeItaly

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