One-Stage Breast Reconstruction with Definitive Form-Stable Implants

  • Cicero Urban
  • Mario Rietjens
  • Flavia Kuroda
  • Marylin Sanford


Immediate breast reconstruction with anatomic form-stable implants, associated with skin and nipple-sparing mastectomies, represented one of the greatest advances in oncoplastic and reconstructive breast surgery. It has a low level of complications and decreases both the time spent in reconstructive surgeries and the number of surgeries for most patients. Surgical revisions of the reconstruction are still needed in some cases and are one of the biggest limitations. However, these are surgical procedures that present minor risks, and many of the procedures can be performed under local anesthesia. Currently, this is our most commonly used technique due to its practicality, low level of long-term complications, and satisfactory aesthetic outcomes.


Oncoplastic surgery Breast reconstruction Breast surgery Breast cancer Breast implant 

Supplementary material

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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Cicero Urban
    • 1
  • Mario Rietjens
    • 2
  • Flavia Kuroda
    • 1
  • Marylin Sanford
    • 3
  1. 1.Breast UnitOur Lady of Grace Hospital and Positivo University Medical SchoolCuritibaBrazil
  2. 2.Division of Plastic and Reconstructive SurgeryEuropean Institute of OncologyMilanItaly
  3. 3.Alaska Breast Care and SurgeryAnchorageUSA

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