The Practice of Peacemaking and Peacebuilding in Somalia
This chapter examines the interwoven processes of peacemaking and peacebuilding in Somalia over the past two decades. It focuses, in particular, on the experience of the Somali peace process from 2010 to 2013, when the author was the Special Representative of the United Nations (UN) Secretary-General for Somalia. The chapter highlights the inclusiveness of the peacemaking and peacebuilding activities that followed the withdrawal of al-Shabaab from Mogadishu in 2011, as well as the role of civil society activism—particularly by women—in helping to advance the peace process from the very outset. It also shows that peacemaking and the initial peacebuilding phase in Somalia were not only simultaneous, but also mutually reinforcing processes. In so doing, the chapter makes the case for adopting holistic and comprehensive strategies, which include local and traditional efforts, for sustainable reconciliation, state-building, and peacebuilding in Somalia and other war-torn countries.