The Politics of Peacekeeping
This chapter discusses the responsibility and practice of the United Nations (UN) Security Council as a partner with African countries and the African Union (AU) in the maintenance of peace and security. This relationship is unequal and uneasy, with the challenge being to make it a more balanced partnership that is more beneficial to Africa. The chapter examines the UN’s failure to prevent the 1994 Rwandan genocide and the deployment of the AU-UN Hybrid Operation in Darfur (UNAMID) since 2007, providing an anatomy of the politics of peacekeeping in Africa, based on first-hand experience of the cases and with the UN. The chapter argues that the UN can work more effectively to strengthen African peace and security if it treats the initiatives of African regional organisations seriously, while African countries must do more to coordinate their positions and reverse the weakening of their voices on major continental and global issues.