Characterization of Scaptotrigona mexicana Pot-Pollen from Veracruz, Mexico

  • Adriana Contreras-Oliva
  • Juan Antonio Pérez-Sato
  • Fernando Carlos Gómez-Merino
  • Luz Anel López-Garay
  • Rogel Villanueva-Gutiérrez
  • María Magdalena Crosby-Galván
  • Libia Iris Trejo-TéllezEmail author


The stingless bee Scaptotrigona mexicana is distributed from Mexico to Costa Rica. In Mexico, this species is often found in wet lowlands but more commonly in forests not higher than 1000 m in the states of Tamaulipas, San Luis Potosí, Veracruz, Hidalgo, Puebla, State of Mexico, Morelos, Guerrero, Oaxaca, and Chiapas. This bee commonly nests in tree cavities and is kept in wood or ceramic clay hives by traditional stingless beekeepers. Pot-pollen from three hives managed in central Veracruz, Mexico, at Cañada Blanca, Manuel León, and Fortín de las Flores was analyzed in duplicates. Chemical parameters including ash, proteins, electrical conductivity, pH, phosphorus, and potassium were similar among pot-pollen samples, whereas the highest water and total soluble sugars were in samples from Fortín de las Flores. The lowest lipid content occurred in Cañada Blanca pot-pollen. Although botanical origin of the pot-pollen differed among sites, the number of plant species was nearly the same, with 13 found in Cañada Blanca and Fortín de las Flores and 11 at Manuel León. Most pollen types belonged to Tiliaceae and Burseraceae in Cañada Blanca, Fabaceae and Asteraceae in Manuel León, and Solanaceae and Asteraceae in Fortín de las Flores.



We acknowledge the Mexico’s National Council of Science and Technology (CONACYT) for the M.Sc. scholarship No. 372038 granted to LALG. ACO also thanks the financial support from Colegio de Postgraduados through the Management and Investment Trust No. 167304. We are especially thankful to Dr. David W. Roubik for his helpful comments and suggestions; his expert advice and constructive criticism have been invaluable in ensuring the most careful scrutiny, which certainly served to improve this chapter substantially. We also are very much grateful to Dr. Patricia Vit, not only for her work as an editor but also for her sustained encouragement, interest, support, and valuable advice throughout the editorial process.


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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Adriana Contreras-Oliva
    • 1
  • Juan Antonio Pérez-Sato
    • 1
  • Fernando Carlos Gómez-Merino
    • 1
  • Luz Anel López-Garay
    • 2
  • Rogel Villanueva-Gutiérrez
    • 3
  • María Magdalena Crosby-Galván
    • 4
  • Libia Iris Trejo-Téllez
    • 4
    Email author
  1. 1.Colegio de Postgraduados Campus Córdoba. Carretera Córdoba-Veracruz km 348, Congregación Manuel LeónVeracruzMexico
  2. 2.Instituto Tecnológico Superior de Zongolica Campus Tequila. Carretera a la Compañía km 4, TepetlitlanapaVeracruzMexico
  3. 3.El Colegio de la Frontera Sur. Unidad Chetumal. Av. Centenario km 5.5ChetumalMexico
  4. 4.Colegio de Postgraduados Campus Montecillo. Carretera México-Texcoco km 36.5Montecillo, TexcocoMexico

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