Advertisement

Research on Reservoir Water Temperature Simulation and Fish Response

  • Wei Li
  • Jia-Hong Liu
  • Yu-fei Zhang
  • Wei-Hua Xiao
Conference paper
Part of the Environmental Earth Sciences book series (EESCI)

Abstract

Temperature is an important parameter for a body of water, affecting chemical and biological reactions as well as the material exchange. It is also important with respect to the water environment and the growth and propagation of microbes. Water temperature research addresses two important aspects: the impact on the environment due to water temperature change caused by human activities, and better analysis of reactions related to water temperature. Deep reservoirs have both vertical and horizontal temperature stratification. This paper establishes a 2D water temperature model for the Panjiakou Reservoir and simulates the stratification phenomena. Temperature was simulated from May to October 2010, and the diffusion parameters were confirmed. Results showed distinct stratification from May to August with vertical equality from September to October. From May to June, water temperature downstream declined because of discharging. Discharged water temperature significantly affects the spawning time of fishes downstream and can delay spawning by up to a month.

Keywords

Temperature stratified Water temperature model Fish response Panjiakou Reservoir 

Notes

Acknowledgements

The researchers would like to extend thanks to the Chinese National Natural Science Foundation (No. 51522907, No. 51279208) and National Social Science Foundation Youth Project (NO.13CGL091). The study was also supported by the Research Fund of the State Key Laboratory of Simulation and Regulation of Water Cycle in River Basin, China Institute of Water Resources and Hydropower Research (No. 2016ZY02).

References

  1. 1.
    Sinokrot, B.A., Stefan, H.G., McCormick, J.H., et al.: Modeling of climate change effects on stream temperatures and fish habitats below Dams and near groundwater inputs. Clim. Change 30, 181–200 (1995).  https://doi.org/10.1007/BF01091841CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Stefan, H.G., Hondzo, M., Sinokrot, B.A., Fang, X.: A Methodology to Estimate Global Climate Change Impacts on Lake and Stream Environmental Conditions and Fishery Resources with Application to Minnesota. University of Minnesota, St. Anthony Falls Hydraulic Laboratory 1992, R No. 323Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Mohseni, O., Stefan, H.G., Eaton, J.G.: Global Warming and Potential Changes in Fish Habitat in U.S. Streams 389–398.  https://doi.org/10.1023/A:1024847723344
  4. 4.
    Congqing Academy of Environment Science: Environmental Impact Report of Chongqing Key Water Source Project in Recent Planning, vol. 12 (2010) (In Chinese)Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Yunnan Institute of Water and Hydropower Engineering Investigation Design and Research.: Environmental Impact Report of the Southwest Key Water Source Project in Recent Planning, vol. 11 (2010) (In Chinese)Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Deng, Y., Li, J., Li, R.: Impact of Reservoir operation on water temperature downstream of Xiluodu power station. J. Sichuan Univ. (Engineering Science Edition) 38(5), 65–69 (2006) (In Chinese).  https://doi.org/10.3969/j.issn.1009-3087.2006.05.010
  7. 7.
    Chang, L., Zhong, X., Zhang L.: Analysis and prediction of Guangzhao power station water temperature and stratified water taking measures. Des. Hydroelectr. Power Stat. 23(3), 31–32 (2007) (In Chinese).  https://doi.org/10.3969/j.issn.1003-9805.2007.03.007
  8. 8.
    Chen, X.H., Liu, M.N., Lin, Y.S.: Study on two-dimensional water quality distribution in reservoirs. J. Hydraul. Eng. 4, 9–16 (1997) (In Chinese).  https://doi.org/10.3321/j.issn:0559-9350.1997.04.002
  9. 9.
    Gao, Z.X., Zhang, D.: Numerical Simulation of Reservoir Water Environment, vol. 12. Seismological Publishing House, Beijing (2005)Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    Mohseni, O., Stefan, H.G., Erickson, T.R.: A nonlinear regression model for weekly stream temperatures. Water Resour. Res. 34, 2685–2692 (1998).  https://doi.org/10.1029/98WR01877CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Wei Li
    • 1
  • Jia-Hong Liu
    • 1
  • Yu-fei Zhang
    • 2
  • Wei-Hua Xiao
    • 1
  1. 1.China Institute of Water Resources and Hydropower ResearchBeijingChina
  2. 2.College of Environment, Hohai UniversityNanjingChina

Personalised recommendations