Hydrocephalus pp 163-181 | Cite as

Anaesthesia for Hydrocephalic Patients and Large Head Patients

  • Mohamed El TahanEmail author


The incidence of infantile hydrocephalus is estimated at 3–5 cases per 1000 live births with the peak ages of presentation between the first weeks of life and early adulthood. Anaesthetic management of infants with hydrocephalus can be challenging. Primary concerns for the anaesthesiologist include possible difficult airway management mainly because of their relatively large heads. Other concerns include the associated prematurity, paediatric syndromes and congenital abnormalities.


Hydrocephalus Large heads Anaesthesia Difficult airway 


Conflict of Interest Statement

The author declares that he has no conflicts of interest and received no financial support for the research, authorship and/or publication of this article. Dr. El Tahan received free airway device samples from Ambu in April 2014 for use in another study, and he has no direct financial or other interest in Ambu.

Supplementary material

Video 12.1

Glidescope-guided intubation in a child with occipital encephalocele (AVI 22080 kb)

Video 12.2

Glidescope-guided awake tracheal intubation in a 13 months child with hydrocephalus and GERD (AVI 20868 kb)


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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Anesthesiology DepartmentImam Abdulrahman Bin Faisal University, King Fahd Hospital of the UniversityDammamSaudi Arabia

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