The Arab Spring and Response from India

  • Abdul Gaffar


All indicators have suggested a gradual surge of national economies of the countries of the global south, most prominently Brazil, China, India, Russia and South Africa (BRICS). Commensurate with their economic clout, there are growing demands and pressure from these countries to play a more important role in the international order by re-engineering many international institutions. However, the Arab Spring proved to be a litmus test for their power and their ability to play a leading role in the Arab world. In Libya, they gave an oversight to the United Nations Security Council (UNSC) resolution and couldn’t stop NATO intervention beyond the UNSC’s jurisdiction. In Syria, their regular use of veto power did not prevent massacres of civilians at the hands of the regime and the opposition, nor were they able to introduce any new opportunity for a peaceful resolution of the crisis. In Egypt, they welcomed military intervention far more warmly than they had the historic 25 January revolution that brought down the 30-year dictatorship of Hosni Mubarak.


  1. Abedin, M. (2015, March 9). General Soleimani Storms into Iranian National Consciousness. Retrieved from
  2. Anderson, H. (2008, July 13). China ‘Is Fuelling War in Darfur’. BBC. Retrieved from
  3. Blarel, N. (2015, February 19). The Myth of India’s ‘Shift’ Toward Israel. The Diplomat. Retrieved from
  4. Kalha, R. S. (2013, July 29). The Rise of Nationalism in Japan and China. IDSA. Retrieved from
  5. Ministry of Defence. (2012). Annual Report, 2011–12. Retrieved from
  6. Ministry of External Affairs. (2011–2012). Annual Report. New Delhi: Policy Planning and Research Division. Ministry of External Affairs. Retrieved from
  7. Prashad, V. (2012). The Poorer Nations: A Possible History of the Global South. London: Verso.Google Scholar
  8. Puri, M. S. (2011). Security Council Approves ‘No-Fly Zone’ over Libya, Authorizing ‘All Necessary Measures’ to Protect Civilians, by Vote of 10 in Favour with 5 Abstentions, UNSC/10200, March 17, 2011.Google Scholar
  9. Ramesh, P. R. (2011). India Supports African Union Stand on Libya Crisis. The Economic Times, 25 May. Retrieved July 16, 2017, from
  10. Tamimi, N. (2014, April 4). The Uncertain Future of China-Israel Relations. Retrieved from
  11. The Guardian (2011), “New Report Discusses China’s Role in Africa’s Conflicts, January 27, 2011,, Accessed on July 20, 2017.
  12. UNCTAD. (2011). South-South Interation Is Key to Rebalancing the Global Economy. UNCTAD Policy Briefs, No. 22, 22 February. Retrieved July 14, 2017, from
  13. Welle, D. (2011, November 4). Russian Nationalists Take to the Streets Amid Rising Tensions Over Immigration. Retrieved from
  14. Yasmann, V. (2005, November 4). Russia: New Russian Holiday Has More Behind it than National Unity. Radio Free Europe/Radio Liberty. Retrieved from
  15. Zakaria, F. (2008). The Post-American World. London: Allen Lane.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Abdul Gaffar
    • 1
  1. 1.Indian Council of World AffairsNew DelhiIndia

Personalised recommendations