• Katja Biedenkopf
  • Diarmuid Torney
  • Camilla Adelle
Part of the The European Union in International Affairs book series (EUIA)


EU external environmental policy—defined as attempts to transfer the EU’s environmental rules, regulations and objectives to third countries and international organisations—has taken different forms and reached various degrees of effectiveness. This concluding chapter brings together the findings of this edited volume’s individual chapters and discusses common trends. It follows the structure of the introduction by first considering the EU’s ambition and coherence in internal and external environmental policy. Second, the mechanisms of external environmental policy and their interaction are examined before, third, the effects and effectiveness factors are discussed. The chapter concludes with some reflections on the future of EU external environmental policy.

Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Katja Biedenkopf
    • 1
  • Diarmuid Torney
    • 2
  • Camilla Adelle
    • 3
  1. 1.LINES, University of LeuvenLeuvenBelgium
  2. 2.School of Law and GovernmentDublin City UniversityGlasnevinIreland
  3. 3.Centre for the Study of Governance InnovationUniversity of PretoriaPretoriaSouth Africa

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