Nipple Areola Complex Management and Reconstruction in Subareolar Breast Abscess

  • Giuseppe Falco
  • Daniele Bordoni
  • Cesare Magalotti
  • Saverio Coiro
  • Moira Ragazzi
  • Matteo Ornelli
  • Ariel Tessone
  • Guglielmo Ferrari


Breast abscesses can be divided in puerperal and not puerperal. Puerperal breast abscess is defined as breast abscess associated with pregnancy, or during the first 3 months after labor without lactation, during lactation, or during the first 3 months after cessation of lactation. Non-puerperal breast abscesses are divided into subareolar breast abscesses, located in the subareolar area or within 1 cm from the areola, and non-subareolar breast abscesses that are located in different areas of the breast. The authors discuss pathogenesis, clinical presentation, radiological features and treatment of Nipple Areola Complex (NAC) subareolar breast abscess.


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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Giuseppe Falco
    • 1
  • Daniele Bordoni
    • 2
  • Cesare Magalotti
    • 2
  • Saverio Coiro
    • 1
  • Moira Ragazzi
    • 3
  • Matteo Ornelli
    • 4
  • Ariel Tessone
    • 5
  • Guglielmo Ferrari
    • 1
  1. 1.Breast Surgery UnitIRCCS- Santa Maria NuovaReggio EmiliaItaly
  2. 2.Department of SenologyOspedale Santa Maria della Misericordia UrbinoFanoItaly
  3. 3.Pathology UnitIRCCS- Santa Maria NuovaReggio EmiliaItaly
  4. 4.Department of Plastic SurgeryUniversità Politecnica delle MarcheAnconaItaly
  5. 5.Department of Plastic Surgery, The Talpiot Medical Leadership ProgramSheba Medical CenterTel-HashomerIsrael

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