Free Nipple Graft Technique for Correcting a Malpositioned Nipple After Breast Procedures

  • Prakasit ChirappaphaEmail author
  • Mario Rietjens


Secondary correction due to the malpositioned nipple-areolar complex (NAC) has been a major concern after certain breast reconstructive procedures. It is frequently requested by patients complaining about asymmetric areolas impairing the whole reconstructive procedure and asking for improved cosmetic outcomes. Several methods have been described to treat this problem. We describe our correction with free NAC graft technique.


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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Surgery, Faculty of Medicine Ramathibodi HospitalMahidol UniversityBangkokThailand
  2. 2.Department of Plastic and Reconstructive SurgeryEuropean Institute of OncologyMilanItaly

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