The Emerging Security Landscape in the Asia-Pacific: Where ASEAN Fits Between the United States and China
The security landscape in the Asia-Pacific has seen a visible change in the past few years. There has been a momentum in the post-Cold War Asia-Pacific that a new security order, one that pursues common security through multilateral cooperation with ASEAN playing a central role, shall prevail in the region. The US pivot to Asia has significantly complicated this process. At the core of the US pivot is the fact that Washington shares its regional security responsibilities with its key allies and partners in the region. Potentially having a similar complicating effect is a shift in China’s posture towards a more traditional realpolitik approach to security issues in the region. These shifts have limited the space for ASEAN to be an effective player and weakened the basis for ASEAN-centred multilateral processes and platforms. The chapter makes an argument that much of the shift is part of the transformation of the global power structure, which sets the parameters on the security dynamics and relations in the Asia-Pacific. There is a real challenge for ASEAN to be relevant and effective in international security in the Asia-Pacific.
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