Advertisement

Concluding Remarks: What’s Next?

  • Sahar Khamis
  • Amel Mili
Chapter

Abstract

The concluding chapter summarizes the most important findings of the book, draws some broad lessons from them, and discusses possible future venues of investigation and new research directions in the area of Arab women’s activism and struggles for gender equality. In particular, it highlights in what ways, and to what extent, the discussions in the book have exposed the multidimensional nature of Arab women’s political, social, and legal struggles, during different historical phases, stretching before, during, and after the Arab Spring movements. In doing so, it especially summarizes how Arab women’s movements and organizations have been able to weave their political agenda for democratic reform with their social agenda for sociocultural reform. The conclusion also highlights in what ways, and to what extent, Arab women’s movements and organizations have been a decisive force in driving the social and political transitions of the Arab Spring, how their activism preceded, paved the way for, and enabled the Arab Spring movements, and how they continue to strive for sociopolitical transformation and reform to this day. Finally, the conclusion takes stock of recent gendered activism(s) and struggles across the Arab region, and pays special attention to their achievements and potentials, as well as their constraints and limitations, in the three parallel political, social, and legal domains. In doing so, it forecasts some of the future prospects and directions in this highly dynamic and evolving region, and the equally shifting and transformative forms of struggle, which Arab women are constantly engaging in.

Bibliography

  1. Alamm, W. 2012. Reflections on Women in the Arab Spring: Women’s Voices from Around the World. Middle East Program: Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars. http://www.wilsoncenter.org/sites/default/files/International%20Women%27s%20Day%202012_4.pdf
  2. Daniels, J. 2009. Rethinking Cyberfeminism(s): Race, Gender and Embodiment. Women’s Studies Quarterly 37 (1–2): 101–124.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Dawoud, A. 2012. Why Women are Losing Rights in Post-Revolutionary Egypt. Journal of International Women’s Studies 13 (5): 160–169.Google Scholar
  4. El Nawawy, M., and S. Khamis. 2013. Egyptian Revolution 2.0: Political Blogging, Civic Engagement, and Citizen Journalism. New York: Palgrave Macmillan.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Fernandez, M., F. Wilding, and M. Wright, eds. 2003. Domain Errors! Cyberfeminist Practices. Brooklyn: Autonomedia.Google Scholar
  6. Fraser, N. 1992. Rethinking the Public Sphere. In Habermas and the Public Sphere, ed. C. Calhoun, 109–142. Cambridge: MIT Press.Google Scholar
  7. Gajjala, R. 2003. South Asian Digital Diasporas and Cyberfeminist Webs: Negotiating Globalization, Nation, Gender, and Information Technology Design. Contemporary South Asia 12 (1): 41–56.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Howard, P.N. 2011. The Digital Origins of Dictatorship and Democracy: Information Technology and Political Islam. New York: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
  9. Khamis, S. 2010. Islamic Feminism in New Arab Media: Platforms for Self-Expression and Sites for Multiple Resistances. Journal of Arab and Muslim Media Research 3 (3): 237–255.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. ———. 2013. Gendering the Arab Spring: Arab Women Journalists/activists, ‘Cyberfeminism,’ and the Socio-political Revolution. In The Routledge Companion to Media and Gender, ed. C. Carter, L. Steiner, and L. McLaughlin, 565–575. London: Routledge.Google Scholar
  11. ———. 2016. Five Questions About Arab Women’s Activism Five Years After the Arab Spring. CyberOrient, 10 (1). Available at: http://www.cyberorient.net/article.do?articleId=9772
  12. Muhlberger, P. 2004. Access, Skill, and Motivation in Online Political Discussion: Testing Cyberrealism. In Democracy Online: The Prospects for Political Renewal Through the Internet, ed. P. Shane, 225–237. New York: Routledge.Google Scholar
  13. Radsch, C.C., and S. Khamis. 2013. In Their Own Voice: Technologically Mediated Empowerment and Transformation Among Young Arab Women. Feminist Media Studies 13 (5): 881–890.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Salem, R. 2015. Gendering the Costs and Benefits of the Arab Uprisings in Tunisia and Egypt Using the Gallup Surveys, Working Paper 913, May 2015. Giza: The Economic Research Forum (ERF).Google Scholar

Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Sahar Khamis
    • 1
  • Amel Mili
    • 2
  1. 1.University of MarylandCollege ParkUSA
  2. 2.University of PennsylvaniaPhiladelphiaUSA

Personalised recommendations