Energy Planning, Nuclear Promises and Realities

  • Beatriz Muñoz-Delgado
  • M. d. Mar Rubio-Varas
Part of the Palgrave Studies in Economic History book series (PEHS)


This final chapter establishes a balance between the objectives of the Spanish nuclear program, the promises made in the years of atomic optimism, and their results. Nuclear energy arose as an answer for the increasing electricity demand, diversifying the energy mix, and for minimizing the high external dependence on imported oil. After examining the earliest forecast about nuclear power in Spain and the energy planning that justified the atomic option, we turn our attention to analysing the compliance of the objectives in the energy field. Among others we scrutinize the impact of nuclear power on energy issues such as the diversification of the energy matrix, external energy dependency and the security of supply. Our review of historical evidence provides some rebuttals to the principal promises that pushed the Spanish nuclear program since its inception. But it also finds some accomplishments with regard to how nuclear power helped to create a new industry and modernize the country.

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© The Author(s) 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  • Beatriz Muñoz-Delgado
    • 1
  • M. d. Mar Rubio-Varas
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of Economic Analysis: Economic Theory and Economic HistoryUniversidad Autónoma de MadridMadridSpain
  2. 2.Institute for Advanced Research in Business and Economics (INARBE)Universidad Pública de NavarraPamplonaSpain

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