‘Not Fit for Migration with Teenage Children’: Polish Transnational Immigrant Families in Ireland

  • Beata Sokolowska
Chapter
Part of the Palgrave Macmillan Studies in Family and Intimate Life book series (PSFL)

Abstract

Transnational migration creates changes within family structures, impacting gender roles, socialization, and family dynamics. This chapter examines how, via a qualitative longitudinal sociological inquiry into the intergenerational dynamics of Polish immigrant families, migratory decisions and reunifications with those left behind are enacted and re-organized once affected by migration and separation. The findings indicate that separation exacerbates family ties, particularly for single mothers. Contemporary post-accession migration also shifts the power and changes the perception of conventional Polish gender roles towards more-visible equity. Sadly, female migration with teenage children is still seen as an unacceptable strategy. Lastly, technological advancement has created explicit opportunities to maintain relationships, yet narratives from Polish transnational families show difficulties in maintaining friendships and other impediments in operationalizing transnationalism at a distance.

References

  1. Adler, P. 2002. Beyond Cultural Identity: Reflections on Multiculturalism. http://www.mediate.com/articles/adler3.cfm This on-line article originally appeared in 1977 in Culture Learning: Concepts, Applications, and Research, ed. R. W. Brislin, 24–41. The University Press of Hawaii: East-West Center.
  2. Ahmed, N. 2006. Transference or Transformation? Traditional and Transmuted Gender Roles. Paper Presented at the European Association of Social Anthropologists Conference, University of Bristol, September 18–21.Google Scholar
  3. Bobek, A. 2011. Polish Migrants in Ireland. Migration Patterns, Social Networks and Community. Doctoral Thesis, Trinity College Dublin, Dublin.Google Scholar
  4. Bragg, S., and H. Manchester. 2011. Creativity, School Ethos and Creative Partnerships Programme. The Open University Press. http://www.creativitycultureeducation.org/wp-content/uploads/may-2011-final-report-ou-creativity-school-ethos-and-creative-partnerships-282.pdf
  5. Bronfenbrenner, U. 1979. The Ecology of Human Development. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.Google Scholar
  6. Burrell, K., ed. 2009. Polish Migration to the UK in the ‘New’ European Union. Farnham: Ashgate.Google Scholar
  7. Conolly, K. 2015. The Euro Orphans Left Behind by Poles’ Exodus. Sunday Independent, March 15. http://www.independent.ie/world-news/europe/the-euro-orphans-left-behind-by-poles-exodus-31067325.html
  8. Czarnecka, B. 2012. W Poszukiwaniu Oznak Szoku Kulturowego—Polskie Imigrantki w Wielkiej Brytanii. Studia Sociologica IV. Annales Universitatis Paedagogicae Cracoviensis 2 (118): 119–127.Google Scholar
  9. Farrell, S. 2006. What Is Qualitative Longitudinal Research? London School of Economics and Political Science Methodology Institute. Papers in Social Research Methods Qualitative Series, No. 11.Google Scholar
  10. Fihel, A., and P. Kaczmarczyk. 2009. Migration: A Threat or a Chance? Recent Migration of Poles and Its Impact on the Polish Labour Market. In Polish Migration to the UK in the ‘New’ European Union, ed. K. Burrell, 23–49. Farnham: Ashgate.Google Scholar
  11. Fitzgerald, J. 2013. Open Labour Market, Open Economy. ESRI. Paper Presented at the Trinity Week Academic Symposium: Irish Migration Today and Yesterday, TCD, April 9.Google Scholar
  12. Henwood, K., and I. Lang. 2003. Qualitative Research Resources: A Consultation Exercise with UK Social Scientists. A Report to the ESRC.Google Scholar
  13. Holland, J., R. Thompson, and S. Henderson. 2006. Qualitative Longitudinal Research; A Discussion Paper. London: South Bank University.Google Scholar
  14. Kawecki, I., A. Kwatera, B. Majerek, and S. Trusz. 2012. The Social and Educational Situation of Circular Migrants’ Children in Poland. Studia Sociologica IV. Annales Universitatis Paedagogicae Cracoviensis 2 (118): 147–162.Google Scholar
  15. Kempny, M. 2010. Polish Migrants in Belfast: Border Crossing and Identity Construction. Newcastle upon Tyne: Cambridge Scholars Publishing.Google Scholar
  16. King-O’Riain, R. 2006. Pure Beauty. Judging Race in Japanese American Beauty Pageants. Minnesota: University of Minnesota Press.Google Scholar
  17. Lefebvre, H. 1991. The Production of Space. Oxford/Chichester: Blackwell Publishing.Google Scholar
  18. Millar, J. 2007. The Dynamics of Poverty and Employment: The Contribution of Qualitative Longitudinal Research to Understanding Transitions, Adaptations and Trajectories. Social Policy and Society 6 (4): 533–544.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Mühlau, P. 2012. The Employment and Earnings Mobility of Polish Migrants in Ireland in the Recession. Studia Sociologica IV. Annales Universitatis Paedagogicae Cracoviensis 2 (118): 81–95.Google Scholar
  20. Nagel, J. 2003. Race, Ethnicity, and Sexuality: Intimate Intersections, Forbidden Frontiers. Oxford: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
  21. Portes, A. 2004. For the Second Generation: One Step at Time. In Reinventing the Melting Pot: The New Immigrants and What It Means to Be American, ed. T. Jacoby. New York: Basic Books.Google Scholar
  22. Pustulka, P. 2012. Polish Mothers on the Move. Transnationality and Discourses of Gender, Care and Co-residentiality Requirement in the Narratives of Polish Women Rising Children in the West. Studia Sociologica IV. Annales Universitatis Paedagogicae Cracoviensis 2 (118): 162–176.Google Scholar
  23. Reed-Danahay, D. 2010. Migrants in Social Space. Paper Presented at the Trinity Immigration Seminar, TCD, June 28.Google Scholar
  24. Rubin, H.J., and I.S. Rubin. 2005. Qualitative Interviewing: The Art of Hearing Data. 2nd ed. London: Sage.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. Rudmin, F.W. 2009. Acculturation. New York: Springer.Google Scholar
  26. Sakamoto, I. 2007. A Critical Examination of Immigrant Acculturation: Toward an Anti-oppressive Social Work Model with Immigrant Adults in a Pluralistic Society. The British Journal of Social Work 37 (3): 515–535.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. Salamonska, J. 2013. Migration and the Life Course: Polish Nationals in Ireland. University of Chieti-Pescara. Learning from Poland Seminar Series 2013. Institute for International Integration Studies, TCD, February 7.Google Scholar
  28. Saldana, J. 2003. Longitudinal Qualitative Research: Analyzing Change through Time. Walnut Creek/Lanham/New York/Oxford: Altamira Press.Google Scholar
  29. Siara, B. 2009. The UK Poles and the Negotiation of Gender and Ethnic Identity in Cyberspace. In Polish Migration to the UK in the ‘New’ European Union, ed. K. Burrell, 167–188. Farnham: Ashgate.Google Scholar
  30. Slany, K. 2008. Migracje kobiet. Perspektywa wielowymiarowa. Kraków: Wydawnictwo Universytetu Jagielonskiego.Google Scholar
  31. Sokolowska, B. 2014. An Exploratory Longitudinal Acculturation Study with Polish Immigrant Teenagers in Ireland—Parental and Children’s Perspectives. Doctoral Dissertation, TCD.Google Scholar
  32. ———. 2016. ‘Sharks and Sprats’: Polish Immigrant Teenage Children in Ireland. Newcastle upon Tyne: Cambridge Scholars Publishing.Google Scholar
  33. Suárez-Orozco, C., M.M. Suárez-Orozco, and I. Todorova. 2008. Learning a New Land. Cambridge, MA/London: Harvard University Press.Google Scholar
  34. Titkow, A. 2007. Tożsamość polskich kobiet. Ciągłość, zmiana, konteksty. Warszawa: Wydawnictwo IFIS PAN.Google Scholar
  35. Urbańska, S. 2009. Matka migrantka. Perspektywa transnarodowości w badaniu przemian ról Rodzicielskich. Studia Migracyjne—Przegląd Polonijny 1: 61–83.Google Scholar
  36. Verschuren, P. 2013. Case Studies. Radboud University Nijmegen. Paper Presented at TCD, March 8.Google Scholar
  37. White, A. 2009. Family Migration from Small-Town Poland: A Livelihood Strategy Approach. In Polish Migration to the UK in the ‘New’ European Union, ed. K. Burrell, 67–86. Farnham: Ashgate.Google Scholar
  38. ———. 2011. Polish Families and Migration since EU Accession. Bristol: The Policy Press.Google Scholar
  39. Wickham, J. 2013. Irish Emigration Today. Learning from Poland. Paper Presented at the Trinity Week Academic Symposium, Irish Migration Today and Yesterday, TCD, April 9.Google Scholar
  40. Yin, R.K. 1984. Case Study Research: Design and Methods. Newbury Park: Sage.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Beata Sokolowska
    • 1
  1. 1.Trinity College DublinDublinIreland

Personalised recommendations