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Developmental Disorders of the Cerebellum and Neurotrophic Factors

  • Leila Pirmoradi
  • Ali Akbar Owji
  • Shahla ShojaeiEmail author
Chapter
Part of the Contemporary Clinical Neuroscience book series (CCNE)

Abstract

The cerebellum plays a main role in motor control and also in cognition features such as attention. Thus, a disturbance in cerebellar development results in neurological disorders such as attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), congenital ataxia, and autism. Because neurotrophic factors have established effects on the growth, proliferation, differentiation, and arborization of neurons, their role in the neurodevelopmental disorders has been investigated for decades. Results of numerous studies have shown changes in serum or tissue neurotrophic factor levels, as well as alterations in their receptors and components of their signaling pathways in these types of the neurodevelopmental diseases. In this chapter, we provide a brief overview of neurotrophic factors and their role in cerebellar development and then focus on the roles of the neurotrophin system in developmental disorders and diseases of the cerebellum.

Keywords

Cerebellar disorders Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder Congenital ataxia Nerve growth factor Neurotrophins Transforming growth factor beta p75 neurotrophin receptor 

Notes

Acknowledgement

Dr. Shala Shojaei Salary was supported by “Health Sciences Centre Foundation General Operating Grant” and MITACS Accelerate award.

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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  • Leila Pirmoradi
    • 1
  • Ali Akbar Owji
    • 2
  • Shahla Shojaei
    • 3
    • 4
    Email author
  1. 1.Department of Physiology and Pharmacology, Faculty of MedicineKurdistan University of Medical SciencesSanandajIran
  2. 2.Research Center for Psychiatry and Behavioral SciencesShiraz University of Medical SciencesShirazIran
  3. 3.Department of Human Anatomy and Cell Sciences, Faculty of Health Science, College of MedicineUniversity of ManitobaWinnipegCanada
  4. 4.Department of Biochemistry, School of Pharmacy and Pharmaceutical SciencesIsfahan University of Medical SciencesIsfahanIran

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