Spinal Cord Stimulators
Spinal cord stimulators are increasingly becoming a more prevalent treatment option for patients with chronic pain conditions that are refractory to medical and surgical treatment. Spinal cord stimulation (SCS) is an effective implantable neuromodulation therapy which is approved for various conditions including failed back and neck pain syndromes, complex regional pain syndrome, peripheral vascular disease, and refractory angina. Because SCS are often placed in women of child-bearing age, there are multiple issues that are of concern in the pregnant patient such as potential teratogenic effects, physical constraints of the SCS device, and complications with neuraxial techniques for labor.
KeywordsSpinal cord stimulator Pregnancy Neuromodulation Chronic pain Neuraxial risks Electromagnetic field
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