Advertisement

“Half Devil and Half Child”: An Ethnographic Perspective on the Treatment of Migrants on their Arrival in Lampedusa

  • Gianluca Gatta
Chapter

Abstract

Based on a long-term fieldwork started in 2005, this essay will discuss the biopolitical management of migrants intercepted in the Mediterranean Sea by the Italian authorities. The direct ethnographic experience of the author on the harbour dock of Lampedusa will permit to focus on the “body” of migrants as well as on the “bodies” of the other actors involved in the dynamics at work during the “landing” phase. The disciplining, caring and observation practices by guards, humanitarian actors, media and locals will be examined, as well as the presentation of the self performed by migrants, the practices of negotiating pain, the management of space during the “landing” procedures, the active role of border guards in evoking or directly producing a specific image of the “arrivals”.

References

  1. Agamben, Giorgio. 1998. Homo Sacer: Sovereign Power and Bare Life. Stanford: Stanford University Press.Google Scholar
  2. Agier, Marc. 2002. Aux bords du monde, les réfugiés. Paris: Flammarion.Google Scholar
  3. Aman, Mahamed. 2013. Ritorno a Lampedusa di Mahamed Aman. Multimedia Story Map. Edited by Monica Bandella, with photographs by Mario Badagliacca. Roma: Archivio delle memorie migranti. http://www.archiviomemoriemigranti.net
  4. Andersson, Ruben. 2014. Illegality, Inc.: Clandestine Migration and the Business of Bordering Europe. Oakland: University of California Press.Google Scholar
  5. Appadurai, Arjun. 1996. Modernity at Large: Cultural Dimensions of Globalization. Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press.Google Scholar
  6. Bigo, Didier, and Elspeth Guild. 2005. Controlling Frontiers. Free Movement into and within Europe. Aldershot: Ashgate.Google Scholar
  7. Bourdieu, Pierre. 1993. Esprits d’État. Genèse et structure du champ bureaucratique. Actes de la recherche en sciences sociales 96–97: 49–62.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Calavita, Kitty. 2005. Immigrants at the Margins. Law, Race, and Exclusion in Southern Europe. Cambridge and New York: Cambridge University Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Chavez, Leo. 2008. The Latino Threat: Constructing Immigrants, Citizens, and the Nation. Stanford: Stanford University Press.Google Scholar
  10. Coutin Bibler, Susan. 2005. Being En Route. American Anthropologist 107 (2): 195–206.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Cuttitta, Paolo. 2012. Lo spettacolo del confine: Lampedusa tra produzione e messa in scena della frontiera. Milano: Mimesis.Google Scholar
  12. De France, Claudine. 1982. Cinéma et antropologie. Paris: Ed. du CNRS.Google Scholar
  13. De Genova, Nicholas. 2005. Working the Boundaries: Race, Space, and “Illegality” in Mexican Chicago. Durham: Duke University Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Düvell, Franck. 2008. Clandestine Migration in Europe. Social Science Information 47 (4): 479–497.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Fassin, Didier. 2001. The Biopolitics of Otherness. Undocumented Foreigners and Racial Discrimination in French Public Debate. Anthropology today 17 (1): 3–7.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. ———. 2012. Humanitarian Reason: A Moral History of the Present. Berkeley and Los Angeles: University of California Press.Google Scholar
  17. Gatta, Gialuca. 2012. Una Lega sotto la Padania. La razza nel discorso leghista lampedusano. In La razza al lavoro, ed. Anna Curcio and Miguel Mellino, 163–180. Roma: Manifestolibri.Google Scholar
  18. Inda, Johantan Xavier. 2006. Targeting Immigrants. Government, Technology, and Ethics. Malden: Blackwell.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Malkki, Liisa H. 1995. Refugees and Exile: From ‘Refugee Studies’ to the National Order of Things. Annual Review of Anthropology 24: 495–523.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Mellino, Miguel. 2013. Cittadinanze postcoloniali. Appartenenze, razza e razzismo in Europa e in Italia. Roma: Carocci.Google Scholar
  21. Mezzadra, Sandro, ed. 2004. I confini della libertà. Per un’analisi politica delle migrazioni contemporanee. Roma: DeriveApprodi.Google Scholar
  22. ———. 2006. Citizen and Subject: A Postcolonial Constitution for the European Union? Situations: Project of the Radical Imagination 1 (2): 31–42.Google Scholar
  23. Mezzadra, Sandro, and Brett Neilson. 2013. Border as Method, or, the Multiplication of Labor. Durham and London: Duke University Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. Pandolfi, Mariella. 2002. “Moral Entrepreneurs,” souverainetés mouvantes et barbelés: Le bio-politique dans les Balkans postcommunistes. Anthropologie et Sociétés 26 (1): 29–50.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. Pizza, Giovanni. 2005. Antropologia medica. Saperi, pratiche e politiche del corpo. Roma: Carocci.Google Scholar
  26. Sayad, Abdelmalek. 1999. La double absence. Des illusions de l’émigré aux souffrances de l’immigré. Paris: Éditions du Seuil.Google Scholar
  27. Triulzi, Alessandro. 2015. Roaming to Rome: Archiving and Filming Migrant Voices in Italy. In Destination Italy. Representing Migration in Contemporary Media and Narrative, ed. Emma Bond, Guido Bonsaver, and Federico Faloppa Federico, 431–448. Oxford and Berne: Peter Lang.Google Scholar
  28. Turner, Simon. 2005. Suspended Spaces. Contesting Sovereignties in a Refugee Camp. In Sovreign Bodies. Citizens, Migrants, and States in the Postcolonial World, ed. Thomas B. Hansen and Finn Stepputat, 312–332. Princeton: Princeton University Press.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Gianluca Gatta
    • 1
  1. 1.AMM - Archive of migrant memoriesRomeItaly

Personalised recommendations