Emotional Intelligence as a Means to Combat Funding Cuts: Meeting Student Academic Success and Promoting Well-Being in Challenging Financial Times

  • Rene Guillaume


The K-12 setting is seeing the most racially and ethnically diverse population of students in the history of education in the United States. In addition to an increasingly diverse student population, state appropriations have seen a sharp decline. K-12 leaders are grappling with the quandary of how to best support their students while being tasked with doing more with less due to recent and continuing budget cuts. These budget cuts impact all in the school, especially students receiving interventions, supports, and services. K-12 leaders must be strategic and innovative in their solution toward best supporting their students and the school overall. Some innovative measures that school leaders implement are evidence based as well as solutions that have resulted from their experience in education. Further, many of the school leaders displayed a high degree of emotional intelligence when approaching many of the quandaries associated with meeting the demands of supporting the overall development of their students and school community.


Emotional intelligence Principalship Student success Student support 


  1. Ayiro, L. P. (2009). An analysis of emotional intelligence and the performance of principals in selected schools in Kenya. Advances in Developing Human Resources, 11(6), 719–746.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Barling, J., Slater, F., & Kelloway, E. K. (2000). Transformational leadership and emotional intelligence: An exploratory study. Leadership & Organization Development Journal, 21(3), 157–161.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Berrocal, P. F., & Pacheco, N. E. (2006). Emotional intelligence: A theoretical and empirical review of its first 15 years of history. Psicothema, 18(1), 7–12.Google Scholar
  4. Bipath, K. (2008). The emotional intelligence of the principal is essential in the leadership of a functional school. International Journal of Learning, 15(10), 57–64.Google Scholar
  5. George, J. M. (2000). Emotions and leadership: The role of emotional intelligence. Human Relations, 53(8), 1027–1055.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Goleman, D. P. (1995). Emotional intelligence: Why it can matter more than IQ for character, health and lifelong achievement. New York: Bantam Books.Google Scholar
  7. Goleman, D. (2001). Emotional intelligence: Perspectives on a theory of performance. In C. Cherniss & D. Goleman (Eds.), The emotionally intelligent workplace. San Francisco: Jossey-Bass.Google Scholar
  8. Goleman, D., Boyatzis, R., & McKee, A. (2001). Primal leadership: The hidden driver of great performance. Harvard Business Review, 79(11), 42–53.Google Scholar
  9. Gray, D. (2009). Emotional intelligence and school leadership. International Journal of Educational Leadership Preparation, 4(4), n4.Google Scholar
  10. Halawah, I. (2005). The relationship between effective communication of high school principal and school climate. Education, 126(2), 334.Google Scholar
  11. Ingram, J., & Cangemi, J. (2012). Emotions, emotional intelligence and leadership: A brief, pragmatic perspective. Education, 132(4), 771.Google Scholar
  12. Leachman, M., & Mai, C. (2014). Most states still funding schools less than before the recession. Center on Budget and Policy Priorities.
  13. Maulding, W. S., Peters, G. B., Roberts, J., Leonard, E., & Sparkman, L. (2012). Emotional intelligence and resilience as predictors of leadership in school administrators. Journal of Leadership Studies, 5(4), 20–29.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Mayer, J. D., Salovey, P., & Caruso, D. R. (2008). Emotional intelligence: New ability or eclectic traits? American Psychologist, 63(6), 503.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Moore, B. (2009). Emotional intelligence for school administrators: A priority for school reform? American Secondary Education, 37(3), 20–28.Google Scholar
  16. National Policy Board for Educational Administration. (2015). Professional standards for educational leaders 2015. Reston: Author.Google Scholar
  17. Rosete, D., & Ciarrochi, J. (2005). Emotional intelligence and its relationship to workplace performance outcomes of leadership effectiveness. Leadership & Organization Development Journal, 26(5), 388–399.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Salovey, P., & Mayer, J. D. (1990). Emotional intelligence. Imagination, Cognition and Personality, 9(3), 185–211.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Santamariá, L., & Santamariá, A. (2011). Applied critical leadership in education: Choosing change. New York: Routledge.Google Scholar
  20. Waterhouse, L. (2006). Multiple intelligences, the Mozart effect, and emotional intelligence: A critical review. Educational Psychologist, 41(4), 207–225.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Williams, H. W. (2008). Characteristics that distinguish outstanding urban principals: Emotional intelligence, social intelligence and environmental adaptation. Journal of Management Development, 27(1), 36–54.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Rene Guillaume
    • 1
  1. 1.New Mexico State UniversityLas CrucesUSA

Personalised recommendations