The Ambiguity in Clarifying Expectations

  • William Ruff


This chapter explores how principals clarify organizational expectations to meet the demands levied upon schools. The school’s vision plays an essential and fundamental role in clarifying the expectations for the principal, community members, parents, teachers, school staff members, and students. How the school’s vision is developed, enacted, and sustained is closely linked to how well the school community have a shared understanding of both what the school’s vision means and what expectations are derived from that meaning. Clarifying the meaning underlying expectations is fraught with ambiguity emerging from quandaries of engagement, trust, and focus.


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Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • William Ruff
    • 1
  1. 1.Montana State UniversityBozemanUSA

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