Reading Tanaka Shōzō as an Ethical Person After Fukushima
How can we understand what happened in Fukushima? It could be rather difficult to imagine a place where it is the most beautiful but at the same time the most polluted. This lack of imagination, or more precisely the incomprehensibility of what happened in Fukushima, can be explained in the following historical context: The apparently beautiful Japanese environment is indeed a victim of Japan’s project of modernization. It is important to re-examine the history of pollution in Modern Japan, and see how people reacted to major environmental disasters. I will discuss the case of Tanaka Shōzō 田中正造 (1841–1913), who is regarded as a social activist and the pioneer of democratic movement in Japan. I shall read Tanaka as an ethical person who develops an ethics to care about the nature as well as human beings.
- Cheung, Ching-yuen 張政遠. ed. 2014. Kitetsu: A Philosophical Magazine for Everyone 希哲雜誌. Hong Kong 香港: Chinese University of Hong Kong 香港中文大學.Google Scholar
- Ui, Jun, ed. 1992. Industrial pollution in Japan. Tokyo: The United Nations University. http://archive.unu.edu/unupress/unupbooks/uu35ie/uu35ie00.htm. Accessed 1 May 2017.
- Strong, Kenneth. 1995. Ox Against the Storm: A Biography of Tanaka Shozo. Sandgate, Folkstone, Kent: Japan Library.Google Scholar
- Takahashi, Tetsuya 高橋哲哉. 2012. The System of Sacrificing: Fukushima and Okinawa 犠牲のシステム 福島・沖縄. Tokyo 東京: Shūeisha 集英社.Google Scholar
- Tanaka, Shōzō 田中正造. 2004. Tanaka Shōzō Bunshū 田中正造文集, 2 vols. Tokyo 東京: Iwanami Shoten 岩波書店. (abbreviated as TSB)Google Scholar
- Watsuji, Tetsurō. 2012. Pilgrimages to the Ancient Temples in Nara. Honolulu: University of Hawai’i Press.Google Scholar