TXT-tool 4.039-4.1: Landslide Investigations and Risk Mitigation: The Sarno, Italy, Case

  • Giovanna Capparelli
  • Luciano Picarelli
  • Pasquale Versace
Chapter

Abstract

Recently, a number of catastrophic debris flows revealed the high risk in an extensive area of the Campania Region, Southern Italy. Following intense rainfall, on May 5th 1998, over 100 flow slides occurred on Pizzo d’Alvano mountain and hit the urban areas of Sarno and neighboring. The hills and mountains of this area are covered by air-fall pyroclastic soils deposited during volcanic eruptions occurred in the last tens of thousands years. In order to reduce the risk a lot of studies and investigations have been carried out and big and meaningful structural measures have been achieved, described in this paper.

Keywords

Debris flows triggered by rainfall Pyroclastic soils Event scenarios structural mitigation works 

Notes

Acknowledgements

Special thanks are directed to the technical staff of the Territorial Survey, i.e. engineers and geologists that during the emergency phases, the days after the events, and during the phases of the planning and construction of the protection works have collected and stored data, pictures, drawing here presented.

References

  1. Bishop AW (1973) The stability of tips and spoil heaps. Quat J Eng Geol 6:335–376CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Blight GE, Troncoso JH, Fourie AB, Wolski W (2000) Issue in the geotechnics of mining wastes and tailings. In: International conference on geotechnical and geological engineering GEOENG2000, pp 1253–1285Google Scholar
  3. Capparelli G, Versace P (2014) Analysis of landslide triggering conditions in the Sarno area using a physically based model. Hydrol Earth Syst Sci 18:3225–3237. doi: 10.5194/hess-18-3225-2014CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Cascini L, Cuomo S, Guida D (2008) Typical source areas of May 1998 flow-like mass movements in the Campania region, Southern Italy. Eng Geol 96:107–125CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Dawson RF, Morgenstern NR, Stokes AW (1998) Liquefaction flowslides in Rocky Mountain coal mine waste dumps. Can Geotech J 35:328–343CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Greco R, Comegna L, Damiano E, Guida A, Olivares L, Picarelli L (2013) Hydrological modelling of a slope covered with shallow pyroclastic deposits from field monitoring data. Hydrol Earth Syst Sci 17:4001–4013. doi: 10.5194/hess-17-4001-2013CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Guida D (2003) The role of the Zero-Order Basins in flowslide-debris flow occurrence and recurrence in Campania (Italy). In: Picarelli L (ed) International conference on fast slope movements prediction and prevention for risk mitigation, vol 1, pp 255–262Google Scholar
  8. Hutchinson JN (1986) A sliding consolidation model for debrisflow-slides. Can Geotech J (23):115–126.Google Scholar
  9. Olivares L, Picarelli L (2006) Modelling of flowslides behaviour for risk mitigation. In: Proceedings of the international conference on physical modeling in geotechnics, proceedings of the 6th international conference on physical modelling in geotechnics, Hong Kong, vol 1. Taylor & Francis, London, pp 99–112Google Scholar
  10. Picarelli L, Versace P, de Riso R (2007) Landslide disaster management in Italy. In: 2007 International forum on landslide disaster management, Hong KongGoogle Scholar
  11. Sassa K (2000) Mechanism of flows in granular soils. In: International conference on geotechnical and geological engineering GEOENG2000, pp 1671–1702Google Scholar
  12. Tzukamoto Y (1973) Study on the growth of stream channel, (I) relation between stream channel growth and landslides occurring during heavy storm. Shin-Sabo 25:4–13Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Giovanna Capparelli
    • 1
  • Luciano Picarelli
    • 2
  • Pasquale Versace
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Computer Engineering, Modeling, Electronics and Systems Science (DIMES)Università della Calabria Ponte Pietro BucciRendeItaly
  2. 2.Department of Civil Engineering, Design, Construction and Environment (DICDEA)Seconda Università di NapoliAversaItaly

Personalised recommendations