Advertisement

Think Tanks, Knowledge Regimes and the Global Agora

  • Silvia Menegazzi
Chapter

Abstract

This chapter offers a new perspective in looking at Chinese think tanks by introducing the concept of knowledge regimes as a viable theoretical framework to understand the complex dynamic at play between think tanks and their context. More clearly, the chapter builds on the importance of linking the notion of knowledge regimes to national contexts and political systems. The perspective points out that specific political, economic and social institutional settings generate different types of policy knowledge based on think tanks and experts’ developments in their countries of origin. Furthermore, the chapter contextualizes knowledge-producing organization activities and functionality at regional and global levels.

Bibliography

  1. Abelson, Donald E. 2014. Old World, New World: The Evolution and Influence of Foreign Affairs Think Tanks. International Affairs 90 (1): 125–142.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Acharya, Amitav. 2011. Norm Subsidiarity and Regional Orders: Sovereignty, Regionalism and Rule-Making in the Third World. International Studies Quarterly 55 (1): 95–123.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Adler, Emanuel, and Steve Bernstein. 2005. Knowledge in Power: The Epistemic Construction of Global Governance. In Power in Global Governance, ed. Michael Barnett and Raymond Duvall, 294–318. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.Google Scholar
  4. Akami, Tomoko. 2002. Between the State and Global Civil Society: Non-Official Experts and Their Network in the Asia-Pacific, 1925–45. Global Networks 2 (1): 65–82.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Breslin, Shaun, and Silvia Menegazzi. 2017. Chinese Views of World Order. In Still a Western World? Continuity and Change in Global Order, ed. Raffaele Marchetti and Sergio Fabbrini. London: Routledge.Google Scholar
  6. BRICS Think Tanks Symposium. 2012. Recommendations Made at the BRICS Think Tank Symposium to the Third BRICS Leader’s Meeting. https://wenku.baidu.com/view/ad67c8da5022aaea998f0fd8.html
  7. Caballero-Anthony, M. 2008. Non-Traditional Security and Infectious Diseases in ASEAN: Going Beyond the Rhetoric of the Securitization to Deeper Institutionalization. The Pacific Review 21 (4): 507–525.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Campbell, John L., and Ove K. Pedersen. 2011. Knowledge Regimes and Comparative Political Economy. In Ideas and Politics in Social Science Research, ed. D. Béland and R. Cox, 167–190. New York: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
  9. ———, 2014. The National Origins of Policy Ideas: Knowledge Regimes in the United States, France, Germany, and Denmark. Princeton: Princeton University Press.Google Scholar
  10. Capie, David. 2010. When Does Track II Matter? Structure, Agency and Asian Regionalism. Review of International Political Economy 17 (2): 291–318.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Chen, Boyuan. 2017, January 12. Council Set up to Facilitate BRICS Think Tanks Cooperation. http://www.china.org.cn/world/2017-01/12/content_40090426.htm
  12. Cross, Mai’a K. Davis. 2013. Rethinking Epistemic Communities Twenty Years Later. Review of International Studies 39 (1): 137–160.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Fan, He. 2015. Chinese Academy of Social Sciences (CASS): Reshaping China’s Development Strategy. In How Think Tanks Shape Social Development Policies, ed. James McGann, Anna Viden, and Jillian Rafferty. Pennsylvania: University of Pennsylvania Press.Google Scholar
  14. Finnemore, Martha, and Kathryn Sikkink. 1998. International Norm Dynamic and Political Change. International Organization 52 (4): 887–917.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. FOCAC. 2011. Chinese Political Advisor Calls for Closer Co-op Among BRICS Think-Tanks. Forum on China-Africa Cooperation. http://www.focac.org/eng/xsjl/xzhd/t809631.htm
  16. Frenkiel, Emilie. 2015. Conditional Democracy. The Contemporary Debate of Political Reform in Chinese Universities. Colchester: ECPR Press.Google Scholar
  17. Heberer, Thomas. 2006. Discourses, Intellectuals, Collective Behaviour and Political Change Theoretical Aspects of Discourses. In The Power of Ideas: Intellectual Input and Political Change in East and Southeast Asia, ed. C. Derichs and T. Heberer. Copenhagen: NIAS Press.Google Scholar
  18. Jha, Prashant. 2015. India’s Most Influential Think Tanks. Hindustan Times. http://www.hindustantimes.com/india/india-s-most-influential-think-tanks/story-emb0db2lmqltL8pKeYuZiL.html
  19. Katz, Alexandra. 2016. The Remarkable Rise of India’s Think Tanks. Global Government Forum. http://www.globalgovernmentforum.com/the-remarkable-rise-of-indias-think-tanks/
  20. Levi-Faur, David. 2005. ‘Agents of Knowledge’ and the Convergence of a ‘New World Order’: A Review Article. Journal of European Public Policy 12 (5): 954–965.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Li, Changhun. 2003. Cong santiejin rushou gaijin he jiaqiang xuanchuan sixiang gongzuo (Improve and Consolidate Propaganda and Ideological Work by Starting from the “Santiejin” [Keeping Close to Reality, Life and the Masses]). Qiushi 10.Google Scholar
  22. Liao, Chun. 2009. The Governance Structure of Chinese Firms. Innovation, Competitiveness and Growth in a Dual Economy. London: Springer.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. Mance, Henry. 2012, September 23. Global Shift: A Bank of and for the BRICS in the Air. Financial Times. http://ww.ft.com/intl/cms/s/0/6340496-024f-11e2-8cf8-00144feabdc0.html#axzz2C27lrlTJ
  24. McGann, James. 2004. Scholars, Dollars and Policy Advice. TTCSP Report, pp. 1–39.Google Scholar
  25. ———. 2007. Academics, Advisors and Advocates: Think Tanks and Policy Advice in the US. London and New York: Routledge.Google Scholar
  26. ———. 2011. Think Tanks: The Global, Regional, National Dimensions. In Think Tanks in Policy Making: Do They Matter? 8–15. Briefing Paper. Shanghai: Friedrich Ebert Stiftung.Google Scholar
  27. ———. 2017. 2016 Global Go To Think Tanks Index Report. TTCSP Global Go To Think Tanks Reports, Paper No. 12, pp. 1–168.Google Scholar
  28. Medvetz, Thomas. 2008. Think Tanks as an Emergent Field. New York: The Social Science Research Council.Google Scholar
  29. ———. 2012. Think Tanks in America. Chicago: The University of Chicago Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. Montville, Joseph V. 1991. Track Two Diplomacy: The Arrow and the Olive Branch: A Case for Track Two Diplomacy. In The Psychodynamics of International Relations: Vol. 2. Unofficial Diplomacy at Work, ed. V.D. Volkan, J. Montville, and D.A. Julius, 161–175. Massachusetts: Lexington Books.Google Scholar
  31. Moravsick, Andrew. 1997. Taking Preferences Seriously: A Liberal Theory of International Politics. International Organization 51 (4): 513–553.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. Nachiappan, Karthik. 2013. Think Tanks and the Knowledge-Policy Nexus in China. Policy and Society 32 (3): 255–265.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  33. Nicander, Lars. 2015. The Role of Think Tanks in the U.S. Security Policy Environment. International Journal of Intelligence and Counter Intelligence 28: 480–515.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  34. Parmar, Inderjeet. 2004. Think Tanks and Power in Foreign Policy. A Comparative Study of the Role and Influence of the Council on Foreign Relations and the Royal Institute of International Affairs. Palgrave Macmillan: Basingstock.Google Scholar
  35. Radaelli, Claudio M. 1995. The Role of Knowledge in the Policy Process. Journal of European Public Policy 2 (2): 159–183.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  36. Rich, Andrew. 2004. Think Tanks, Public Policy and the Politics of Expertise. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.Google Scholar
  37. Roberts, Brad, Stanton H. Burnett, and Murray Weidenbaum. 1993. Think Tanks in a New World. The Washington Quarterly 16 (1): 169–183.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  38. Schmidt, Vivien A. 2013. Comparative Institutionalisms. In Globalisation, Multilateralism, Europe, ed. Mario Telò, 109–124. Farnham: Ashgate.Google Scholar
  39. Singh, Raul, et al. 2015. Think Tanks, Research Influence and Public Policy in India. Vision: The Journal of Business Perspective 18 (4): 289–297.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  40. Stone, Diane. 2000. Non-Governmental Policy Transfer: The Strategies of Independent Policy Institutes. Governance: An International Journal of Policy and Administration 13 (1): 46–62.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  41. ———. 2004. Introduction: Think Tanks, Policy Advice and Governance. In Think Tank Traditions: Policy Research and the Politics of Ideas, ed. Diane Stone and Andrew Denham. Manchester: Manchester University Press.Google Scholar
  42. ———. 2005. Knowledge Networks and Global Politics. In Global Knowledge Networks and International Development: Bridges Across Boundaries, ed. Diane Stone and Simon Maxwell. Abingdon: Routledge.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  43. Stone, D. 2013. Knowledge Actors and Transnational Governance. The Private-Public Nexus in Transnational Governance. New York: Palgrave Macmillan.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  44. Stone, Diane. 2015. The Group of 20 Transnational Policy Community: Governance Networks, Policy Analysis and Think Tanks. International Review of Administrative Sciences 81 (4): 793–811.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  45. Struyk, Raymond J. 2002. Transnational Think Tanks Networks: Purpose, Membership and Cohesion. Global Networks 2 (1): 83–90.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  46. Tarrow, Sidney, and Donatella della Porta, eds. 2005. Transnational Protests and Global Activism. Lanham: Rowman and Littlefield Publishers.Google Scholar
  47. United Nations Development Program. 2003. Thinking the Unthinkable: From Thought to Policy. The Role of Think Tanks in Shaping Government Strategy: Experiences from Central and Eastern Europe, Bratislava, UNDP Regional Bureau for Europe and the Commonwealth of Independent States.Google Scholar
  48. Wang, Shaoguang. 2008. Changing Models of China’s Policy Agenda Setting. Modern China 34 (1): 56–87.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  49. Weaver, R.K. 1989. The Changing World of Think Tanks. PS: Political Science and Politics XXIII (3): 563–578.Google Scholar
  50. Weiss, C. 1991. Policy Research as Advocacy: Pro and Con. Knowledge and Policy: The International Journal of Knowledge Transfer 4 (1–2): 37–55.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  51. Wiarda, Howard J. 2010. Think Tanks and Foreign Policy: The Foreign Policy Research Institute and Presidential Politics. Plymouth: Lexington Books.Google Scholar
  52. Xinhua. 2012, October 2. BRICS Nations Trash Out World Bank Alternative. http://www.china.org.cn/business/2012-10/02/content_26690417.htm
  53. Zimmerman, E. 2016. Think Tanks and Non-Traditional Security: Governance Entrepreneurs in Asia. New York: Palgrave Macmillan.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Silvia Menegazzi
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Political ScienceLUISS Guido Carli UniversityRomeItaly

Personalised recommendations