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Introduction

  • Mohammad Jafari
  • Ali Tavili
  • Fatemeh Panahi
  • Ehsan Zandi Esfahan
  • Majid Ghorbani
Chapter
Part of the Environmental Science and Engineering book series (ESE)

Abstract

One of the main characteristics distinguishing arid and semi-arid areas from humid areas is the fact that their climate gives rise to certain types of topography, plants, animals and soil.

Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Mohammad Jafari
    • 1
  • Ali Tavili
    • 1
  • Fatemeh Panahi
    • 2
  • Ehsan Zandi Esfahan
    • 3
  • Majid Ghorbani
    • 2
  1. 1.Faculty of Natural ResourcesUniversity of TehranTehranIran
  2. 2.Faculty of Natural Resources and Earth SciencesUniversity of KashanKashanIran
  3. 3.Rangeland Research DivisionResearch Institute of Forests and Rangelands, Agricultural Research, Education and Extension Organization (AREEO)TehranIran

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