Upper Limb Nerve Injuries in Sport
Nerve injury in sports is not very frequent. According to the report of the Japanese Athletic Association in 1971, peripheral nerve injuries accounted for only 0.3% of sports injuries. Among all peripheral nerve injuries treated in their centre within 18 years, 5.7% were related to sports. The nerves most frequently involved were brachial plexus, radial nerve and ulnar, peroneal and axillary nerves in order of frequency (Takazawa et al., Brain Nerve Inj 3:11–17, 1971). The common mechanisms of injury were compression, traction, ischaemia and laceration (Feinberg et al., Sports Med 24:385–408, 1997).
- 1.Takazawa H, Sudo N, Aoki K, et al. Statistical observation of nerve injuries in athletics in Japanese. Brain Nerve Inj. 1971;3:11–7.Google Scholar
- 16.Wilk KE, Reinold MM, Andrews JR, editors. The athlete’s shoulder. 2nd ed. Philadelphia: Elsevier; 2009.Google Scholar
- 18.Proximal neuropathies of the shoulder and arm. In: Preston DC, Shapiro BE, editors. Electromyography and neuromuscular disorders, 3rd ed. London: Elsevier Saunders; 2013.Google Scholar
- 23.Miller MD, Thompson SR, editors. DeLee & Drez’s orthopaedic sports medicine. 4th ed. Philadelphia: Elsevier/Saunders; 2015.Google Scholar