Difficulties in Retroperitoneal Laparoscopic Radical Nephrectomy

  • Ricardo Brandina
  • Andre Berger
  • Robert J. Stein
  • Inderbir S. GillEmail author


Laparoscopic radical nephrectomy is now routine practice for management of patients with localized renal cell carcinoma. Compared with open radical nephrectomy, the laparoscopic approach is associated with comparable operative time, decreased blood loss, superior recovery, improved cosmesis, and equivalent cancer control over a long-term follow-up.1–3


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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Ricardo Brandina
    • 1
  • Andre Berger
    • 1
  • Robert J. Stein
    • 3
  • Inderbir S. Gill
    • 2
    Email author
  1. 1.Department of UrologyUniversity of Southern CaliforniaLos AngelesUSA
  2. 2.USC Institute of UrologyKeck School of Medicine, University of Southern CaliforniaLos AngelesUSA
  3. 3.Center for Laparoscopic and Robotic SurgeryGlickman Urological and Kidney Institute, Cleveland ClinicClevelandUSA

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