Robotic Ureteral and Bladder Reconstruction

  • Carlos Eduardo Schio Fay
  • Daniel Melecchi Freitas
  • Andre Kives BergerEmail author


The incidence of iatrogenic ureteral injury has been increasing as the widespread of endoscopic procedures and laparoscopy, especially urological, gynecological and colorectal procedures [1, 2]. Ureteral strictures are most commonly secondary to previous surgeries, radiotherapy, malignancy, infection, endometriosis, trauma [3]. Surgical management of ureteral injuries depends not only on the length, location and etiology of the injury, but on the urologist’s surgical experience on open or minimally invasive approaches.


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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Carlos Eduardo Schio Fay
    • 1
  • Daniel Melecchi Freitas
    • 1
  • Andre Kives Berger
    • 1
    Email author
  1. 1.Catherine and Joseph Aresty Department of Urology, USC Institute of Urology, Keck School of MedicineUniversity of Southern CaliforniaLos AngelesUSA

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