Assessment of Distribution Characteristics of Polymetallic Nodules and Their Implications on Deep-Sea Mining

  • Rahul SharmaEmail author


This chapter looks at the distribution characteristics of nodules and associated seafloor features so as to provide this information to the industry for designing a suitable mining system. Further, it also looks at different scenarios emerging from mining rates ranging from 1 to 3 Mt year−1, in order to optimize mining rate while addressing the environmental concerns. It also suggests certain formulae that can be adopted for estimating any deep-sea mineral with necessary modifications.


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© Springer International Publishing AG 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.CSIR-National Institute of Oceanography (Council of Scientific and Industrial Research)Dona PaulaIndia

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