Cardiovascular Assessment

  • Irene ComissoEmail author
  • Alberto LucchiniEmail author


Cardiovascular monitoring allows the assessment of cardiac function and tissue perfusion. During the last century, cardiovascular monitoring reached very important progresses, concerning the measurement of blood pressures and the evaluation of the electrical activity. Oxygen demand and consumption has also become an important component of cardiovascular assessment, and further evolutions during the past decades allowed the measurement of blood flow and blood volume. Such improvements guide clinicians in choosing the best strategies in cardiac dysfunction and help targeting the fluid and drug therapy.


Cardiovascular monitoring Blood pressures Oxygen delivery and consumption Cardiac output Venous oxygen saturation Volemia measurement 


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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.University Anesthesia and Intensive Care Unit, University Hospital S. Maria della MisericordiaUdineItaly
  2. 2.General Intensive Care UnitSan Gerardo Hospital, ASST Monza, University of Milano-BicoccaMilanItaly

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