Cross-Cultural Comparisons of Unconstrained Body Responses to Argentinian and Afro-Brazilian Music
A number of evidences show that musical cultures differ in a number of aspects including cognitive priorities, musical function and relationships between music, movement and dance. From the methodological point of view, it is very difficult to describe the understanding of rhythm structures: tapping methods are limiting, surveys are very subjective and analyses of performances are ambiguous and multivariate. In this study we realize cross-cultural comparisons between unconstrained movement responses of Brazilian and Argentinian acculturated subjects, responding to samba and chacarera music. The analyses were realized by means of methods that track the density of kinematic events in the metrical structure. The results contrast to traditional models of metric structure by revealing an intrinsic diversity, variability and asymmetry of movement responses and metrical models. The results also show morphological characteristics connected to cultural differences.
KeywordsCross-cultural Movement Rhythm Meter Embodiment
The authors wish to acknowledge the support of SEMPRE in the realization of the research project. This research has also been supported by the ANPyCT (PICT-2013-0368), and realized at the Laboratory for the Study of Musical Experiencia (LEEM/FBA/UNLP, La Plata, Argentina. We also want to thank the Laboratory CEGEME/UFMG, Prof. Mauricio Loureiro and the student Raphael Borges, who helped the realization of the experiments in Belo Horizonte, Brazil. The authors are thankful to the subjects that participated in this study and to the anonymous reviewers.
The author Luiz Naveda gratefully acknowledges FAPEMIG (Research Support Foundation of Minas Gerais) for the financial support (projects CHE - APQ-02689-15 and CHE - BIP-00223-16).
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