Advertisement

Musical Meter, Rhythm and the Moving Body: Designing Methods for the Analysis of Unconstrained Body Movements

  • Luiz NavedaEmail author
  • Isabel C. Martínez
  • Javier Damesón
  • Alejandro Pereira Ghiena
  • Romina Herrera
  • Manuel Alejandro Ordás
Conference paper
Part of the Lecture Notes in Computer Science book series (LNCS, volume 9617)

Abstract

The process of retrieving meaningful information from rhythm responses to music imposes several methodological challenges. For one side, the indivisible connection between body actions and the musical action confines the musical phenomenon in a closed action-perception cycle. For another side, the attempts to examine internalized rhythm descriptions require a sort of action and body movements are the natural medium for musical actions. In this study, we propose strategies for the analysis of movement responses that are capable of retrieving emergent rhythmic and metrical structures encoded in free movements, which are less constrained by experimental designs and less dependent on methodological assumptions. The first technique processes zero-crossing events across velocity patterns in order to retrieve the changes of directions across metric levels. The second technique uses local accumulation of instantaneous velocity in order to describe the profiles of metric engagement abstracted from the morphology of the movement trajectories. The techniques help to trace comparisons and build new representations of embodied metrical structures. The paper discusses the possibilities and new perspectives using case studies of free spontaneous movement responses to Argentinian chacarera and Afro-Brazilian samba music.

Keywords

Movement analysis Rhythm Meter Embodiment 

Notes

Acknowledgements

The author Luiz Naveda gratefully acknowledges FAPEMIG (Research Support Foundation of Minas Gerais) for the financial support (projects CHE - APQ-02689-15 and CHE - BIP-00223-16).

References

  1. 1.
    Lerdahl, F., Jackendoff, R., Jackendoff, R.S.: A Generative Theory of Tonal Music. MIT Press, Cambridge (1996)Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Naveda, L., Leman, M.: Hypotheses on the choreographic roots of the musical meter: a case study on Afro-Brazilian dance and music. In: X Encuentro de Ciencias Cognitivas de la Música. SACCoM-Sociedad Argentina para las Ciencias Cognitivas de la Música (2011)Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Naveda, L., Leman, M.: Hypotheses on the choreographic roots of the musical meter: a case study on Afro-Brazilian dance and music. In: X Encuentro de Ciencias Cognitivas de la Música. SACCoM-Sociedad Argentina para las Ciencias Cognitivas de la Música (2011)Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    London, J.: Hearing in Time: Psychological Aspects of Musical Meter. Oxford University Press, Oxford (2004)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Fitch, W.T., Rosenfeld, A.J.: Perception and production of syncopated rhythms. Music Percept. 25, 43–58 (2007)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Palmer, C., Krumhansl, C.L.: Mental representations for musical meter. J. Exp. Psychol. Hum. Percept. Perform. 16, 728 (1990)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Fitch, W.T.: Rhythmic cognition in humans and animals: distinguishing meter and pulse perception. Front. Syst. Neurosci. 7, 1–16 (2013)Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    Phillips-Silver, J., Trainor, L.J.: Hearing what the body feels: auditory encoding of rhythmic movement. Cognition 105, 533–546 (2007)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Temperley, D.: The Cognition of Basic Musical Structures. MIT Press, Cambridge (2004)Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    Hannon, E.E., Johnson, S.P.: Infants use meter to categorize rhythms and melodies: implications for musical structure learning. Cogn. Psychol. 50, 354–377 (2005)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Phillips-Silver, J., Trainor, L.J.: Feeling the beat: movement influences infant rhythm perception. Science 308, 1430 (2005)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    London, J.: Hearing in Time: Psychological Aspects of Musical Meter. Oxford University Press, USA (2004)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    Varela, F.J., Thompson, E., Rosch, E.: The Embodied Mind: Cognitive Science and Human Experience. MIT Press, Cambridge (1991)Google Scholar
  14. 14.
    Leman, M.: Embodied Music Cognition and Mediation Technology. MIT Press, Cambridge (2007)Google Scholar
  15. 15.
    Bruner, J.: Processes of Cognitive Growth: Infancy. Clark University Press, Worcester (1968)Google Scholar
  16. 16.
    Gibson, J.J.: The Ecological Approach to Visual Perception. Houghton Mifflin, Boston (1979)Google Scholar
  17. 17.
    Summers, J.J., Anson, J.G.: Current status of the motor program: revisited. Hum. Mov. Sci. 28, 566–577 (2009)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. 18.
    Stergiou, N., Yu, Y., Kyvelidou, A.: A perspective on human movement variability with applications in infancy motor development. Kinesiol. Rev. 2, 93–102 (2013)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. 19.
    Freedman, D.A.: Statistical Models and Causal Inference: a Dialogue with the Social Sciences. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge (2010)zbMATHGoogle Scholar
  20. 20.
    Toiviainen, P., Luck, G., Thompson, M.R.: Embodied meter: hierarchical eigenmodes in music-induced movement. Music Percept. 28, 59–70 (2010)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. 21.
    Zentner, M., Eerola, T.: Rhythmic engagement with music in infancy. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. 107, 5768–5773 (2010)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. 22.
    Styns, F., van Noorden, L., Moelants, D., Leman, M.: Walking on music. Hum. Mov. Sci. 26, 769–785 (2007)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. 23.
    Demos, A.P., Chaffin, R., Begosh, K.T., Daniels, J.R., Marsh, K.L.: Rocking to the beat: effects of music and partner’s movements on spontaneous interpersonal coordination. J. Exp. Psychol. Gen. 141, 49 (2012)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. 24.
    Repp, B.H.: Sensorimotor synchronization: a review of the tapping literature. Psychon. Bull. Rev. 12, 969–992 (2005)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. 25.
    Sethares, W.A., Staley, T.W.: Periodicity transforms. IEEE Trans. Sig. Process. 47, 2953–2964 (1999)MathSciNetCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. 26.
    Leman, M., Naveda, L.: Basic gestures as spatiotemporal reference frames for repetitive dance/music patterns in samba and charleston. Music Percept. 28, 71–91 (2010)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. 27.
    Stergiou, N.: Innovative Analyses of Human Movement. Human Kinetics Publishers, Champaign (2004)Google Scholar
  28. 28.
    Laban, R., Lawrence, F.C.: Effort. Macdonald and Evans, London (1947)Google Scholar
  29. 29.
    Nigg, B.M., MacIntosh, B.R., Mester, J.: Biomechanics and Biology of Movement. Human Kinetics, Champaign (2000)Google Scholar
  30. 30.
    Harbourne, R.T., Stergiou, N.: Movement variability and the use of nonlinear tools: principles to guide physical therapist practice. Phys. Ther. 89, 267–282 (2009)CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2016

Open Access This chapter is licensed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 2.5 International License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/2.5/), which permits any noncommercial use, sharing, adaptation, distribution and reproduction in any medium or format, as long as you give appropriate credit to the original author(s) and the source, provide a link to the Creative Commons license and indicate if changes were made.

The images or other third party material in this chapter are included in the chapter's Creative Commons license, unless indicated otherwise in a credit line to the material. If material is not included in the chapter's Creative Commons license and your intended use is not permitted by statutory regulation or exceeds the permitted use, you will need to obtain permission directly from the copyright holder.

Authors and Affiliations

  • Luiz Naveda
    • 1
    Email author
  • Isabel C. Martínez
    • 2
  • Javier Damesón
    • 2
  • Alejandro Pereira Ghiena
    • 2
  • Romina Herrera
    • 2
  • Manuel Alejandro Ordás
    • 2
  1. 1.School of Music - State University of Minas GeraisBelo HorizonteBrazil
  2. 2.Laboratorio para el Estudio de la Experiencia Musical, Facultad de Bellas ArtesUniversidad Nacional de La PlataLa Plata, Buenos AiresArgentina

Personalised recommendations