• Murat Ucar
  • Selcuk Keskin
  • Selcuk Yucel
Part of the Urodynamics, Neurourology and Pelvic Floor Dysfunctions book series (UNPFD)


The endoscopy of the urinary system is commonly utilized for diagnostic purposes and treatment of both lower and upper urinary tract system diseases in children and neonates. Achieving a high success and a low complication rate in pediatric urological endoscopy depends on surgeon’s expertise and availability of endoscopic instruments and surgical suit setup.

Pediatric urological endoscopy should be performed with proper sized rigid and flexible endoscopes, in a surgical suit specifically set up for pediatric age patients. The recent improvements in the pediatric endoscopic instruments have facilitated further diagnostic and therapeutic endoscopic procedures.

Pediatric urologic endoscopy is used for evaluation and concomitant treatment of conditions such as urethral stricture, posterior urethral valve, urethral diverticula, urethral duplication, utricular cyst, urethral polyps, bladder polyps or tumors, bladder neck stenosis, ureterocele, duplicated collecting system, vesicoureteral reflux, neurogenic bladder, bladder diverticula, bladder Botox injection, evaluation of hematuria, etc. in children who presented voiding dysfunction symptoms and signs.


Endoscopy Pediatric urology Cystoscopy Incontinence Urodynamics Urethra Bladder Neurogenic Reflux 


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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Murat Ucar
    • 1
  • Selcuk Keskin
    • 2
  • Selcuk Yucel
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of Urology, Section of Pediatric UrologySaglik Bilimleri University Tepecik Training and Research HospitalİzmirTurkey
  2. 2.Department of UrologyAcıbadem University School of MedicineİstanbulTurkey

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