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Sleep

  • Caroline Uchechi Okorie
Chapter

Abstract

Thankfully, the medical community and general public are starting to recognize the benefits of sufficient sleep and the dangers of inadequate sleep. Sleep is an active, restorative process that modulates our immune system function and aids in the consolidation of learning. Insufficient sleep and sleep disruption are associated with negative health consequences, including cardiovascular disease and neurocognitive decline, as well as depression and anxiety. Poor sleep quality has clear negative effects on work performance, memory, and mood. Physicians are more prone to these effects, given the demands of the profession requiring long work hours in a stressful environment. Sleep deprivation also contributes to burnout and decreased job satisfaction. It is important to actively prioritize sleep and to be on the lookout for sleep disorders that may contribute to sleep disruption or cause poor sleep quality, including sleep-disordered breathing, insomnia, restless legs syndrome, and circadian rhythm disorder. If a primary sleep disorder is suspected, one should be evaluated and treated by a sleep specialist.

Keywords

Physicians Physicians in training Sleep Sleep deprivation Work hours Sleep-related impairment Sleep-disordered breathing Sleep loss Sleep disorders Performance Sleepiness countermeasures 

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Caroline Uchechi Okorie
    • 1
  1. 1.Lucile Packard Children’s Hospital and Stanford Children’s Health, Department of Pediatrics, Division of Pulmonary, Asthma and Sleep MedicinePalo AltoUSA

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