Children’s Kidney and Urinary Tract Congenital Anomalies

  • Maria Ludovica Degl’InnocentiEmail author
  • Giorgio Piaggio


Urinary tract malformations can often be demonstrated already in prenatal age. They are usually represented by urinary tract dilatations, the most frequently detected alteration at obstetric ultrasound examination, with an incidence up to about 4.5 % of pregnancies (possible causes are shown in Table 9.1).


Posterior Urethral Valve Ureteropelvic Junction Horseshoe Kidney Bladder Wall Thickness Urinary Tract Dilatation 
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Supplementary material

Video 9.1

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Video 9.2

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Video 9.3

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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  • Maria Ludovica Degl’Innocenti
    • 1
    Email author
  • Giorgio Piaggio
    • 1
  1. 1.Pediatric Nephrology DepartmentGiannina Gaslini InstituteGenoaItaly

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