Surgical Procedures and Indications for Surgery
Often, the decision-making process with regard to indications for surgery is based on clinical findings in combination with the results of radiological imaging. However, sometimes an identical radiological finding will lead to surgery in one patient, and not in another, depending on clinical or other findings. Regardless, in many urological conditions, the results of the radiological tests are indispensable contributions to the decision whether to take the child to the operation room or not. Knowledge of the disease, indications for surgery, and the respective surgical procedure (or conservative management) will help to understand what one is actually looking for and facilitate interpretation and presentation of the radiological findings by the radiologist before and after surgery. This chapter will give an overview of the most commonly seen urological conditions in children that may require surgical correction, the key exams, and findings that lead to an operation, as well as respective surgical procedures and the expected radiological findings during follow-up.
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