Dermatoscopy in the Public Health Environment

  • Alejandra Larre BorgesEmail author
  • Sofía Nicoletti
  • Lídice Dufrechou
  • Andrea Nicola Centanni


Dermoscopy is a diagnostic technique that can diminish the refraction and reflection at the skin. It facilitates the visualization of colors and structures in subsurface skin structures located within the epidermis, dermoepidermal junction, and papillary dermis, which are otherwise not visible to the naked eye. It improves diagnostic accuracy, sensitivity, and specificity for skin cancer diagnosis. The two-step analytic algorithm attempts in the first step to differentiate melanocytic lesions from the nonmelanocytic lesions: dermatofibroma, basal cell carcinoma, seborrheic keratosis, and hemangioma. The second step is proposed to differentiate nevi from melanoma using scoring systems. Dermoscopy is also useful for the assessment of other skin cancers such as squamous cell carcinoma, as well as for inflammatory and infectious diseases. This chapter provides a review of the dermoscopic features that are seen in various pigmented and nonpigmented tumoral and nontumoral skin lesions as well as the dermoscopic criteria used for monitoring patients who are prone to skin cancer.


Dermoscopy Dermatoscopy Skin cancer Pigmented Nonpigmented Inflammatory Infectious 


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    Malvhey J, Puig S. Handbook of dermoscopy. 1st ed. Barcelona: Taylor and Francis Group, CRC Press; 2006.Google Scholar
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    Malvehy J, Puig S. Principios de dermatoscopia. 1st ed. Barcelona; 2011.Google Scholar
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    Kittler H, Rosendahl C, Cameron A, Tschandl P. Dermatoscopía. Un método algorítimico basado en el análisis de patrones. 1st ed. Gdansk; 2015.Google Scholar
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    Cabo H. Dermatoscopía. 2ª ed. Buenos Aires: Ediciones Journal; 2012.Google Scholar
  5. 112.
    Rezze G., Paschoal, FM., Hirata, S. Atlas de Dermatoscopia aplicada. 1era Edición. San Pablo: Lemar Livraria e editora Marina; 2014.Google Scholar
  6. 113.
    Larre Borges A, Nicoletti S, Salerni G. Dermatoscopía elemental: lesiones pigmentadas. Primera Edición. Montevideo; 2013.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Alejandra Larre Borges
    • 1
    Email author
  • Sofía Nicoletti
    • 1
  • Lídice Dufrechou
    • 1
  • Andrea Nicola Centanni
    • 1
  1. 1.Hospital de Clínicas“Dr. Manuel Quintela”MontevideoUruguay

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