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Dermatosis and Nutritional Disorders

  • Ana Paula Dornelles Manzoni
  • Vanessa Santos Cunha
Chapter

Abstract

Diet plays an important role in many skin disorders, and dermatologists are frequently faced with the difficulty of separating myth from fact when it comes to dietary advice for their patients. From a practical point of view, the dermatologist will find it useful to keep some dietary information handy in order to deal with the occasional patient who does not seem to respond despite the best scientific and evidence-based therapy. In this chapter we discuss the relationship of nutrition with some dermatoses: acanthosis nigricans, acne, acrodermatitis enteropathica, allergic contact dermatitis, atopic dermatitis, autoimmune cutaneous diseases, bullous diseases, skin manifestations of energy-protein malnutrition, hair disorders, oral mucosa disorders, nail disorders, necrolytic migratory erythema, pellagra, cutaneous signs of peripheral vascular disease, phrynoderma, porphyria, pressure ulcers, psoriasis, rosacea, scurvy, skin cancer, skin infection, urticaria, vitiligo, and skin repercussions of bariatric surgery.

Keywords

Nutritional disorders Skin disorders Hair disorders Nail disorders Vitamins Atopic dermatitis Bullous diseases Psoriasis Skin cancer Urticaria Vitiligo 

Notes

Glossary

Antimicrobial peptides

A growing class of natural and synthetic peptides with a wide spectrum of targets including viruses, bacteria, fungi, and parasites.

Cathelicidin

Related antimicrobial peptides found in lysosomes of macrophages and polymorphonuclear leukocytes, and keratinocytes. Cathelicidins have a critical role in innate immune defense against invasive bacterial infection.

Essential fatty acid

An unsaturated fatty acid that is essential to human health but cannot be manufactured in the body.

Pseudoallergen

An antigen that causes allergy-like symptoms, but without identifiable sensitization of the immune system.

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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Ana Paula Dornelles Manzoni
    • 1
  • Vanessa Santos Cunha
    • 2
  1. 1.Dermatology Service of UFCSPAPorto AlegreBrazil
  2. 2.Dermatology Service of Hospital São Lucas-PUCRSPorto AlegreBrazil

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