Occupational Dermatosis

  • Alice de Oliveira de Avelar AlchorneEmail author
  • Maurício Mota de Avelar Alchorne


In this chapter, the following topics will be covered:
  • Concept of occupational dermatosis: occupational dermatosis (OD) can be defined as any alteration on the skin, mucosa, and/or adnexa, directly or indirectly caused, maintained or aggravated by anything used during professional activity, or present in the work environment.

  • Epidemiology: The prevalence of OD, which is considered the second most frequent occupational disease, ranking after repetitive stress injuries, is studied in relation to female and male gender, ethnicity, and age.

  • Etiopathogenesis: Especially for contact dermatitis (CD), which is the most common OD.

  • Clinical features: Occupational CD is studied in its various aspects, as well as other less common ODs such as acne, cancers, keratoses, dyschromias, erythema, papular eruptions, foreign body granuloma, infections, onychias, purpura, and ulcerations.

  • Clinical and laboratory diagnosis: With an emphasis on patient history and patch test, the primary test for ODs.

  • Differential diagnosis: CD must be separated from different eczemas.

  • Treatment: Highlighting collective and individual prevention of ODs, with suggestions for individual protective equipment.


Contact dermatitis Eczema Dermatitis Allergic contact dermatitis Patch test Prick test Cancer Oil acne Chloracne Chemical vitiligo Leukonychia Infections 



Occupational dermatosis

Can be defined as any alteration on the skin, mucosa, and/or adnexa, directly or indirectly caused, maintained, or aggravated by anything that is used during professional activity or is present in the work environment.

Patch test

Contact allergy test in which suspicious substances are placed on the skin, usually on the back, for 48 h and two readings are taken – at 48 and 96 h (with the latter as the definitive reading). Standardized batteries are employed, with the most allergenic substances of the studied geographic region alongside specific substances, such as cosmetics or metal and others, and, if possible, the patient’s own materials.


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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Alice de Oliveira de Avelar Alchorne
    • 1
    Email author
  • Maurício Mota de Avelar Alchorne
    • 1
  1. 1.Nove de Julho – UNINOVESão PauloBrazil

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