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Viral Infections

  • Andre Avelino Costa Beber
  • Ana Maria Benvegnú
  • Lia Natália Diehl Dallazem
  • Luiza Nunes Lages
Chapter

Abstract

Cutaneous viral infections comprise a heterogeneous group of diseases, with different degrees of severity, ranging from self-limited course to chronic and recurrent infection. The aim of this chapter is to describe viral diseases when skin is the main site of manifestation. Herein are described diseases caused by the human herpesvirus family, the most frequent nongenital disease related to human papillomaviruses, cutaneous enterovirus infections, measles, rubella, erythema infectiosum, Gianotti–Crosti syndrome, smallpox, vaccinia, cowpox, Orf, molluscum contagiosum, and prions. The major emerging viruses Ebola, dengue, chikungunya, and Zika are also briefly described. Epidemiologic aspects and the clinical manifestations and laboratory tests that assist in the diagnosis are addressed, and the main therapeutic approaches to these diseases discussed.

Keywords

Viral infections Human herpesvirus Herpes simplex viruses Varicella zoster virus Kaposi sarcoma Human papillomavirus Hand-foot-and-mouth disease Measles Rubella Erythema infectiosum Gianotti–Crosti syndrome Smallpox Vaccinia Cowpox Orf Molluscum contagiosum Prions Emerging viruses Dengue Chikungunya Zika 

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© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Andre Avelino Costa Beber
    • 1
  • Ana Maria Benvegnú
    • 1
  • Lia Natália Diehl Dallazem
    • 1
  • Luiza Nunes Lages
    • 1
  1. 1.Hospital Universitario de Santa Maria, Dermatology ServiceUFSM – Federal University of Santa MariaSanta MariaBrazil

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