Bonelike® Graft for Regenerative Bone Applications

  • M. H. Fernandes
  • R. Caram
  • N. Sooraj Hussain
  • A. C. Mauricio
  • J. D. Santos


Bone is a complex mineralized living tissue exhibiting the property of marked rigidity and strength whilst maintaining some degree of elasticity. In general, there are two types of bones in the skeleton, namely, the flat bones, i.e. skull bones, scapula, mandible, ilium, and the long bones, i.e. tibia, femur and humerus. In principle, bone serves the following three main functions in human bodies: (i) acts as a mechanical support; (ii) is the site of muscle attachment for locomotion, protective, for vital organs and bone marrow; and (iii) to assist metabolism, it acts as a reserve of ions for the entire organism, especially calcium and phosphate. This chapter describes the mechanics of bone and a newly developed material that mimics bone for applications in regenerative medicine.


Bone Medical devices Regenerative medicine Surgical tools 


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Authors and Affiliations

  • M. H. Fernandes
    • 1
  • R. Caram
    • 1
  • N. Sooraj Hussain
    • 1
  • A. C. Mauricio
    • 1
  • J. D. Santos
    • 1
  1. 1.University of PortoPortoPortugal

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