Nontraumatic Neurological Conditions

  • Christopher R. Becker
  • Jose L. PascualEmail author


Various neurological impairments other than traumatic brain injury (TBI) are routinely encountered in critically ill populations. The more common diseases seen in a non-neurological ICU include acute ischemic stroke, cerebral infections, cerebral vein thrombosis, status epilepticus, anoxic brain injury, brain tumors, primary intracerebral hemorrhage, and aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage. These conditions are potentially devastating and life threatening. However, most of these conditions may be successfully managed using fundamental critical care techniques in combination with expert neurologist consultation. With an awareness of the basic nuances of specific neurological diseases, proper collaborative care can be delivered to these patients in a timely fashion.


Ischemic stroke Intracerebral hemorrhage Anoxic brain injury Central nervous system infections Stroke Aneurysm Anoxia 


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Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of NeurosurgeryHospital of the University of PennsylvaniaPhiladelphiaUSA
  2. 2.Department of SurgeryPenn Presbyterian Medical CenterPhiladelphiaUSA

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