As medicine has advanced over the past 50 years, the need for high-quality, cost-effective critical care services has expanded exponentially. In the USA, one recent estimate was that five million patients are admitted to intensive care units (ICUs) every year, leading to 23 million ICU bed days . The cost of managing these patients typically accounts for a large percentage of hospital costs.
KeywordsCritical care metrics ICU staffing Clinical management guidelines Quality improvement
- 9.http://www.leapfroggroup.org/media/file/FactSheet_IPS.pdf. Accessed 11 July 2015.
Open Access This chapter is licensed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 2.5 International License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/2.5/), which permits any noncommercial use, sharing, adaptation, distribution and reproduction in any medium or format, as long as you give appropriate credit to the original author(s) and the source, provide a link to the Creative Commons license and indicate if changes were made.
The images or other third party material in this chapter are included in the chapter's Creative Commons license, unless indicated otherwise in a credit line to the material. If material is not included in the chapter's Creative Commons license and your intended use is not permitted by statutory regulation or exceeds the permitted use, you will need to obtain permission directly from the copyright holder.