Advertisement

The South China Sea Territorial Disputes

  • Tilman Pradt
Chapter

Abstract

The territorial disputes of the South China Sea (SCS) are very important for China in terms of trade routes, natural resources (oil and gas), fishing grounds, and in strategic terms. The protracted nature of the conflicts, the number of claimants involved, and the presence of external actors (i.e., the USA) are factors that hinder any progress towards resolution of these disputes. Pradt meticulously outlines the history of the territorial disputes, presents the various claims, illustrates the relevance of the disputes to the claimants, and depicts the failed efforts to resolve them. This comprehensive analysis of the disputes – the Southeast Asian claimants’ perspective and China’s stance in the SCS conflicts – provide the necessary background knowledge for a deeper understanding of one of the world’s most conflicted areas.

Keywords

Exclusive Economic Zone Energy Information Administration Territorial Dispute ASEAN Member Joint Exploration 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Bibliography

  1. Austin, Greg. 1998. China’s ocean frontier – International law, military force and national development. St. Leonards: Allen & Unwin.Google Scholar
  2. Ba, Alice D.2011. Staking claims and making waves in the South China Sea – How troubled are the waters? Contemporary Southeast Asia 33(3): 269–291.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Banlaoi, Rommel C. 2010. Renewed tensions and continuing maritime security dilemma in the South China Sea. In International Forum on Maritime Security. Keelung, Taiwan.Google Scholar
  4. Buszynski, Leszek, and Iskandar Sazlan. 2007. Maritime claims and energy cooperation in the South China Sea. Contemporary Southeast Asia 29(1): 143–171.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Chao, J.K.T. 1991. South China Sea: Boundary problems relating to the Nansha and Hsisha Islands. In Fishing in troubled waters – Proceedings of an academic conference on territorial claims in the South China Sea, eds. R.D. Hill, N.G. Owen, and E.V. Roberts. Hong Kong: University of Hong Kong.Google Scholar
  6. Cole, Bernard D. 2008. Sea lanes and pipelines – Energy security in Asia. Westport: Praeger Security International.Google Scholar
  7. Collins, Gabriel B., and Andrew S. Erickson. 2007. Tanking up: The commercial and strategic significance of China’s growing tanker fleet. Geopolitics of Energy 29(8): 2–11.Google Scholar
  8. EIA. 2008. South China Sea. Country Analysis Briefs.Google Scholar
  9. Emmers, Ralf. 2010. Geopolitics and maritime territorial disputes in East Asia. London/New York: Routledge.Google Scholar
  10. FAO. 2010. The state of world fisheries and aquaculture 2010. Rome: United Nations Food and Agricultural Organisation.Google Scholar
  11. Hancox, David, and Victor Prescott. 1995. A geographical description of the Spratly Islands and an account of hydrographic surveys amongst those islands. Maritime Briefing 1(6): 1–56.Google Scholar
  12. Ho, Joshua H. 2009. Southeast Asian SLOC security. In Maritime security in the South China Sea, eds. S. Wu and K. Zou. Farnham: Ashgate.Google Scholar
  13. Li, Guoqiang. 2015. China Sea Oil and Gas Resources. CIIS: May 11.Google Scholar
  14. Marley, Ross. 1997. China, the Philippines, and the Spratly Islands. Asian Affairs 23(4): 195–210.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Oil on troubled waters. 2014. The Economist, January 24.Google Scholar
  16. Schofield, Clive, Ian Townsend-Gault, Hasjim Djalal, Ian Storey, Meredith Miller, and Tim Cook. 2011. From disputed waters to seas of opportunity – Overcoming barriers to maritime cooperation in East and Southeast Asia. NBR Special Report 30: 1–29.Google Scholar
  17. Schofield, Julian. 1998. War and punishment – The implication of arms purchases in Maritime Southeast Asia. Journal of Strategic Studies 21(2): 75–106.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Smith, Robert W., and Bradford Thomas. 1998. Island disputes and the law of the sea: An examination of sovereignty and delimitation disputes. In Security flashpoints – Oil, islands, sea access and military confrontation, eds. M.H. Nordquist and J.N. Moore. The Hague: Nijhoff.Google Scholar
  19. Storey, Ian. 2012. China’s bilateral and multilateral diplomacy in the South China Sea. In Cooperation from strength – The United States, China and the South China Sea, ed. P.M. Cronin. Washington, DC: Center for a New American Security.Google Scholar
  20. Tønnesson, Stein. 2000. China and the South China Sea – A peace proposal. Security Dialogue 31(3): 307–326.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Womack, Brantly. 2011. The Spratlys: From dangerous ground to apple of discord. Contemporary Southeast Asia 33(3): 370–387.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. Wu, Shicun, and Nong Hong. 2006. The energy security of China and oil and gas exploitation in the disputed South China Sea Area. In Recent Developments in the Law of the Sea and China, eds. M.H. Nordquist, J.N. Moore, and K.-c. Fu. Leiden/Boston: Martinus Nijhoff.Google Scholar
  23. Yu, Peter Kien-hong. 2003. The Chinese (broken) U-shaped line in the South China Sea: Points, lines, and zones. Contemporary Southeast Asia 25(3): 405–430.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. Zou, Keyuan. 2009. China-ASEAN relations and international law. Oxford: Chandos Publishing.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  • Tilman Pradt
    • 1
  1. 1.Business Network MarketingBerlinGermany

Personalised recommendations