The ‘Reduce and Save’ Project: An Island-Wide Resource Management Awareness Initiative
The Republic of Malta is an archipelago composed of three inhabited islands – Malta, Gozo and Comino. The main island of Malta has one of the highest population densities in the world, at 1566 inhabitants/km2, and is the largest island, with an area of 246 km2. Gozo has about 31,000 inhabitants and an area of 67 km2, while Comino is much smaller and has fewer than 10 inhabitants and a hotel. In 2008, the government of Malta, through the Ministry for Gozo, embarked on a programme with the aim of transforming Gozo into an eco-island. This initiative was called the eco-Gozo Project – a Local Sustainable Development Strategy for an Island and Its Community. As part of this undertaking, the ministry commissioned the Institute for Sustainable Energy at the University of Malta to conduct an educational campaign named ‘Reduce and Save’. The aim of this campaign was to design and deliver information sessions on water and energy conservation, renewable energy and waste management in every household in Gozo. The main objectives of this initiative were to increase awareness and disseminate eco-friendly information with the aim of improving the quality of life and levels of sustainability on the island. The methodology consisted of training courses, examination of the trainers, the island-wide house-call programme, the approach used during the visits themselves and the results compiled through a specific questionnaire. These actions all served to couple an educational campaign focusing on sustainability and environment-related issues with a data-gathering exercise in an island community. The results showed a favourable opinion on renewable energy and energy-saving and water-conservation measures and gave a snapshot of the renewable energy installations (such as solar water heaters and photovoltaic systems), energy-saving measures (such as roof insulation and double glazing) and water-saving measures (such as recycling of grey water and the use of rainwater catchment in dwellings’ existing water cisterns) at the time of the home visits. In the context of the development of a local, community-based sustainable development strategy, this initiative was instrumental in empowering and engaging the population at a time when this wide-ranging community project was being launched.
KeywordsSustainability Citizen empowerment and engagement Malta Gozo Energy Water Waste
The authors would like to acknowledge the support of the staff at the Ministry for Gozo and the University of Malta. The authors would also like to thank Ing. Marco Cremona, Prof. Paul Pace, Ms Jeannette Fiott and other WasteServ personnel for their contributions to the ‘Train the Trainers’ exercise and for their support to the Reduce and Save initiative. Last but not least, the authors acknowledge the important role played by the trainers in completing the tedious and time-consuming house visits.
- 1.NSO (2014) Census of population and housing 2011. National Statistics Office, Valletta, MaltaGoogle Scholar
- 2.Ministry for Resources and Rural Affairs (MRRA), Floriana, Malta (2010) Malta’s national renewable energy action plan as required by Article 4(2) of Directive 2009/28/ECGoogle Scholar
- 3.Malta indicative national energy efficiency target for 2020 in accordance with Article 3 of Directive 2012/27/EU, Apr 2013Google Scholar
- 4.Ministry for Gozo, Pjazza San Frangisk, Victoria, Gozo. https://mgoz.gov.mt/en/Pages/Home.aspx
- 5.Eco-Gozo (2009) A better Gozo: proposed action 2010–2012. Ministry for Gozo, Pjazza San Frangisk, Victoria, GozoGoogle Scholar
- 7.Institute for Sustainable Energy, University of Malta, Triq il-Barrakki, Marsaxlokk MXK1531, MaltaGoogle Scholar
- 8.Ministry for Gozo, Pjazza San Frangisk, Victoria, Gozo. Naqqas u Ffranka—promotion of sustainable energy, water and waste management practices in Gozitan householdsGoogle Scholar
- 9.Electoral Register—15 April 2011, Department of Information, Government of Malta, Valletta, Malta, 15 Apr 2011Google Scholar
- 10.Malta Resources Authority (2013) The uptake of photovoltaic systems in the Maltese residential sector. Malta Resources Authority, MarsaGoogle Scholar
- 11.Services Division, Building Regulations Office, Malta. Document F—technical guidance on conservation of fuel, energy and natural resources (minimum requirements on the energy performance of buildings regulations 2006)Google Scholar
- 12.Refalo P, Farrugia RN, Stagno LM, Yousif C, Sant T, Jakkel N, Zammit A, Portelli J (2014) Gauging the effectiveness of a resource management awareness campaign on a central Mediterranean island. In: World Renewable Energy Congress (WREC), London, UKGoogle Scholar
Open Access This chapter is licensed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 2.5 International License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/2.5/), which permits any noncommercial use, sharing, adaptation, distribution and reproduction in any medium or format, as long as you give appropriate credit to the original author(s) and the source, provide a link to the Creative Commons license and indicate if changes were made.
The images or other third party material in this chapter are included in the chapter's Creative Commons license, unless indicated otherwise in a credit line to the material. If material is not included in the chapter's Creative Commons license and your intended use is not permitted by statutory regulation or exceeds the permitted use, you will need to obtain permission directly from the copyright holder.