Sustainable Strategies for Protecting and Managing Cultural Heritages: The Case Study of Gonfienti in the Tuscany Region of Italy

  • Marco SalaEmail author
  • Giuseppina Alcamo
  • Lucia Ceccherini Nelli
Conference paper


Global warming has caused an unprecedented rise in sea levels as well as increased storm intensity. Both phenomena are responsible for an increase in flooding and erosion of many archaeological sites located on the coast, which constitute a weak interface between the hydrosphere, atmosphere, anthroposphere, and lithosphere. The present research project aims to develop a sustainable model for safeguarding archaeological sites from the adverse effects of climate change and environmental degradation. In addition, by implementing site-specific planning and design based on ecological, bioclimatic, and energy-efficient strategies and techniques, sustainable preservation and enhancement of cultural heritage sites can be achieved to increase sitings and accessibility to sites.

The main objectives of the project are as follows:
  • Investigate the impact and damage inflicted on archaeological sites by climate change and the risks and hazards of further deterioration;

  • Analyze local climatic conditions and evaluate and use free energy systems available at archaeological sites while at the same time respecting the cultural character of locations.

  • Improve visitors’ experience by creating a pleasant and comfortable sightseeing environment.

  • Rehabilitate select archaeological sites in a holistic approach by protecting, defining, and upgrading sites through advanced planning and design solutions.

The project will establish a comprehensive state of the art of archaeological sites and spaces in the Mediterranean region. It will select three pilot site studies, one in each participating country—Italy, Cyprus, and France—for the ultimate aim of establishing sustainable preservation and cultural enhancement of the archaeological sites to the benefit of society.


Archaeological spaces Sustainability Protection Rehabilitation Accessibility Shading devices Renewable energies 



We acknowledge the contributions of research team leader ABITA Interuniversity Research Centre (DIDA Department of the University of Florence, Italy). ABITA is a large interuniversity research center focused on sustainable issues in architectural technology and environmental design.

Thanks also go to Cyprus University of Technology (CUT). The CUT has as its strategic goal the design and development of research activities both within the university and in cooperation with other research institutes in Cyprus and abroad.

The Cyprus Institute (CYI, is a nonprofit, technology-oriented, interdisciplinary research and educational institution that upholds world-class standards of excellence. Finally, we would like to thank the Laboratoire d’Archéologie Médiévale et Moderne en Méditerranée.


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© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2017

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Authors and Affiliations

  • Marco Sala
    • 1
    Email author
  • Giuseppina Alcamo
    • 1
  • Lucia Ceccherini Nelli
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Architecture DIDACentro ABITA, University of FlorenceFlorenceItaly

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