The Opium Issue

  • Harry Gelber


This chapter deals with the history of widespread and growing opium consumption in China from earlier centuries to 1860 and beyond. It sketches the links between opium and sexual activity and the financial difficulties for the Chinese empire caused by growing opium consumption from circa 1810–20 onwards.


Opium Trade China Issue Chinese Citizen Opium Consumption East India Company 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  • Harry Gelber
    • 1
  1. 1.University of TasmaniaTasmaniaAustralia

Personalised recommendations